WALLING, Henry F. (1825-1889), Charles H. Hitchcock (1836-1919), and Julius Bien (printer) (1826-1909). Atlas of the State of New Hampshire. New York: Comstock & Cline, 1877.
Folio, (17 5/8 x 14 3/8 inches). Fine folding lithographed map of Coos County, 10 double-page maps, 12 single-page maps, most with original hand-color. Contemporary half straight-grained brown morocco, blue pebbled cloth, gilt (extremities a bit rubbed and worn).
First edition. Double-page maps include: Geological Map of New Hampshire, Railroad Map of the United States, New England, New Hampshire and Vermont, Carroll County, Grafton County, Merrimack County, Cheshire County, Hillsborough County, and Rockingham County. “In 1853 [Walling] entered on his life work as a cartographer, and between that date and 1870 did a great work in the preparation of maps. His work extended over a large part of the Northern states. He prepared and published the well-known map of Massachusetts, which was the product in part of Borden’s survey and in part the result of his own painstaking labor. About 1870 he became a professor of mathematics in Lafayette college, which office he retained for two years. For some years thereafter he was an assistant in the United States coast survey. Having acquired an interest in geological problems, he then became an officer of the national geological survey” (obituary, Cambridge Tribune, 1888).
Hitchcock “served as New Hampshire State Geologist from 1868 to 1878 and taught at Dartmouth College from 1868 to 1908, holding the Hall Professorship of Geology and Mineralogy. Hitchcock’s survey produced a three volume work, ‘The Geology of New Hampshire’ (1874-1878) and the folio, ‘Atlas accompanying the report on the geology of New Hampshire.’ The maps in the atlas comprise the first detailed, comprehensive map of the bedrock and surfacial geology of the state. Hitchcock used to name the rock units and designated their ‘type localities.’ Most of these rock formation names are still in use. In addition to geology, he contributed to a wide range of fields including fieldwork in paleontology, bedrock and glaciology, economic geology, and volcanology” (Dartmouth College Special Collections Library online). Phillips 2136.