VISSCHER, Nicolaes II (1649-1702). Atlas Minor siue Geographia Compendiosa, Qua Orbis Terrarum, per paucas attamen novissimas tabulas ostenditur. "Tabula exactissima Regnorum Sueciae et Norvegiae, nec non maris Universi Orintalis." Amsterdam: Nicolaes Visscher, 1690.
Single sheet (22 ¼ x 19 ½) Full margins showing the plate mark. (Very light foxing along margin).
A stunning, hand-colored map of Sweden and Norway in excellent condition. Outlined published by Nicolaes Visscher as part of his Atlas Mino, siue geographia compendiosa.
Sweden and Norway are extensively and expertly mapped out with cities, rivers, and significant mountain ranges. The borders between the countries are distinguished by a lightly colored outline.
An elaborately decorated baroque title cartouche is found surmounted by the arms of Gustavus Adolphus and surrounded by coats of arms of the regions of Sweden and Norway. The dedication of the map to found in the title is to Gustavus Adolphus, a great ruling Swedish king during the 17th century.
The model for this map (also acknowledged in the title) was that of Anders Bure produced in 1626, it was engraved by Abraham Goos.
Anders Bure (1571-1646) was one of the most important map makers in the history of Scandinavian cartography. Bure was a mathematician, instruments maker and cartographer by training. He was the Secretary of Gustav II Adolf, the great King of Sweden, as well as the Chief Architect and the highest official on topography of the Swedish kingdom. In 1626, he produced a map of the Swedish kingdom on six separate sheets, Orbis Arctoi Nova et Accurata Delineatio, which was copied used by Dutch mapmakers such as Jodocus Hondius, Willem Janszoon Blaeu, and Nicholas Visscher as the basis for their own maps of the northern Europe.
A small curiosity may be found in the Gulf of Bothnia (Sinus Botnicus). If we look closely, we can find two boats, with one containing a fisherman. The fisherman is the frequent "trademark" of the Visscher cartographers - taken from their namesake. This early form of a logo is one of the key traits experts look for in identifying true Visscher maps.
The Atlas Minor is a fine and comprehensive composite atlas, and one of a series of large atlases compiled and sold by the Visscher family of art dealers and cartographers in the 17th century. Founded by Nicholas Visscher, this work is known for the high quality of engraving, exceptionally fine ornament, and accurate geographical information. No two of the Visscher atlases seem to have been identical in content, and most contain, like this one, a selection of maps by the Visschers themselves as well as other cartographers. In this case the majority of the maps are published by Visscher. In addition to the striking world map by Allard with its black background and numerous projections, and found in the "Atlas Major" from about 1705, there are maps of the continents, regional maps of Europe, ten maps of Asia, and seven maps related to America.
For more information on this map, or a warm welcome to see other maps and books of our collection at 72nd Street NYC, please contact Natalie Zadrozna.