VISSCHER, Nicholas (1649 - 1702). Bavariae Palatinatus Vulgo Die Ober-Pflatz. Amsterdam: Visscher, after 1683.
Single sheet (21 x 24 ¾, full margins showing the platemark) (Light browning to margin edge, excellent condition)
A stunning engraved Visscher map depicting Bavaria; and hand-colored by the celebrated Master Colorist DIRK JANSZ. VAN SANTEN. The map is incredibly colored in outline with cartouches, decorative borders, embellishments, and landmarks fully colored, in rich and exotic colour combinations, with added elements to clothing, marbling to masonry, heightened in gum Arabic and gold. The Bavarian Royal Coat of Arms elegantly top the title cartouche. An inset, containing the key guide to significant parts of the landscape, sits in the upper right corner.
This Bavarian map's coloring has been authenticated by Truusje Goedings, author of "Dirk Jansz. Van Santen…A Survey" 1992.
"Van Santen combined the colors in a somewhat impressionistic, vivid manner. He avoided monotonous, monochromatic, dull surfaces and lines. Characteristic of his style is a variation of colour, also of borders and edging for both maps and illustrations.
Moreover, he added elements to the design, such as patterns and flower motifs to the clothing of figures, veining of stones or map frontier lines. He gave the frontier lines a decorative treatment in the map as a whole by means of placement and by colour. He would use two or three striking colors next to each other, e.g. red, yellow and light green, sometimes accentuated by a fine golden line. Van Santen applied transparent and opaque colors at the same time in both mixed and pure tints. He often painted the whole surface of the map or illustration, transforming the graphic light and dark into colour. To dark areas representing shadows, clothing pleats or the 'repoussoir', the foreground of a landscape, he applied his characteristic shiny varnish; this had the effect of brightening the dark colour." (Goedings).
This map is taken from a large composite Atlas Minor, compiled in the early 18th century.
The Visscher family was a household name for art dealers and cartographers in the 17th century. Founded by Nicholas Visscher, this work is known for the high quality of engraving, exceptionally fine ornament, and accurate geographical information. No two of the Visscher atlases seem to have been identical in content. Most later composite atlases selection of maps by the Visschers as well as other cartographers. The Atlas might have contained maps by Joan Blaeu, N. Visscher, Frederick de Wit and Carolus Allard among others.
For more information on this map, or a warm welcome to see other maps and books of our collection at 72nd Street NYC, please contact Natalie Zadrozna.