AUDUBON, John (1785-1851) and Rev. John BACHMAN (1790-1874). The Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America, New York: J.J. Audubon (V.G. Audubon), 1845-1848., 1848

$ 1,200,000.00

4 volumes, oblong folios of "elephant" broadsheets (555 x 712 mm). 3 lithographic title-pages and 3 letterpress contents , 150 hand-colored lithographic plates after John James and John Woodhouse Audubon, with backgrounds after Victor Audubon, by J.T. Bowen. Contemporary French red morocco and marbled boards, spines gilt-paneled in six compartments, titled "Histoire Naturelle" in the second and numbered in the fourth compartments.

Condition: plate CXXIX misnumbered CXXIV, plate XLVI spotted, XLVIII and XLIX with light oil spot to fore-edge margin, LXI with small light stain, LXII creased along gutter with short tear to upper edge, moderate soot-staining to LXXVI, most plates with faint line of soot spotting to extreme edges, titles and contents faintly browned, old newspaper clipping pasted to one contents leaf; joints rubbed with some minor exposure along board edges.

Provenance: J. R. Welsh (old stamp to titles and contents); with Nico Isreal, 1978, $29,000.

FIRST EDITION OF ONE OF THE GREATEST AMERICAN COLOR PLATE WORKS, bound for a French client. In the 1830s, as the final plates were being completed for John James Audubon's monumental "Birds of America" series, the artist began to gather material for his second and equally ambitious undertaking. Planning to complete the definitive study of American wildlife, Audubon set out to document the animals of North America, and to present them in a format as impressive and sweeping as that he used for his birds. The result of the artist/naturalist's years of field research, travel, and seemingly endless study was the "Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America", the outstanding work on American animals produced in the 19th-century. The artist's enthusiasm for "The Quadrupeds" was unbounded. In 1840, Audubon wrote to his friend and collaborator John Bachman, "I am growing old, but what of this? My spirits are as enthusiastical as ever, my legs fully able to carry my body for ten years to come. Only think of the quadrupeds of America being presented to the World of Science by Audubon and Bachman." Despite his newly acquired wealth and celebrity, Audubon insisted on executing many of the preparatory drawings and watercolors personally, enlisting a select few to help. The contributors to the project included Bachman, a Lutheran minister who had been the artist's closest friend and supporter for many years, who wrote all of the descriptions and acted as a scientific editor for the work. Audubon's two sons, John Woodhouse and Victor, also took critical roles. With his sons, Audubon traveled through the Eastern woodlands, and through Missouri to the Rocky Mountains. Together they collected and drew specimens along the Mississippi, as well as in coastal regions of Florida and the East Coast. As Audubon's health and eyesight began to fail, the help of John Woodhouse and Victor became increasingly crucial to "The Quadrupeds", now a family project. Audubon managed to complete seventy seven drawings before failing health kept him from his work. Before he died in 1851, Audubon's sons managed to solicit some three hundred subscriptions for "The Quadrupeds". Together, the three men, along with John Bachman, produced an unequaled record of American wildlife, matching the great combination of art and science attained in the "Birds of America". Like that series, "The Quadrupeds" are wonderfully animated, superbly rendered, and beautifully printed in large format.Reese, Stamped with a National Character 36; Sabin 2367.