THE SOUTH PROSPECT OF PRESTON, IN THE COUNTY PALANTINE OF LANCASTER. Buck, Samuel and Nathaniel Buck

$ 5,525.00

17.75 x 33.75 Inches.

Samuel and Nathaniel Buck were brothers who were born in Yorkshire, England at around the turn of the 18th century. After spending their formative years in the north, they moved south to the great bustling metropolis that was London, as so many rural people did in those days, seeking their possible fame and fortune. As young men, around 1724, they set out and began an ambitious work to traverse each and every county within England and Wales. They began to engrave and prepare the particular countys antiquities - be they free standing or semi ruinous castles, stately homes, or religious and monastic buildings of importance and consequence - although many were in an extremely poor state of neglect and abject disrepair after the first King Henry VIII in the 16th century, and then Oliver Cromwell later in the 17th century had their respective religious purges. It was during the preparation of these collections of county antiquities that the Buck brothers struck on the novel idea to also engrave some of the more important cities and towns. So, in my opinion, what resulted was the most wondrous, most influential and most important topographical undertaking that was ever done of England and Wales, not only of the 18th century but also for many years afterward. Prior to Bucks magnificent copper plate panoramas, virtually nothing had been done to depict views of significant English cities and towns. Only a handful were included in the atlas by Braun and Hogenberg in their Civitates Orbis Terrurum published in Cologne in 1581. I honestly feel that there is nothing at all to compare with these exquisite panoramas, in terms of technical skill, engraved detail and sheer scale and size. I also feel that a huge debt of gratitude is owed to these two enterprising and ambitious brothers, who have left us not only with a wonderful and enduring legacy, but also a truly unique glimpse and brief insight into an English way of life that can never be replicated nor indeed pass our way ever again. Samuel and Nathaniel Bucks splendid copperplate panorama of Preston, was published in 1728, it shows in wonderful detail just what a charming Georgian town it had become. St.Winifreds Church is the central point of interest. To the right, you can see the bridge that crosses the River Ribble and leads to Walton Hall. Further in the distance you can glimpse Houghton Tower, and Walton Church. A few well tendered gardens are on display. We behold a rather forlorn and isolated House of Correction for those poor souls who have strayed from lifes straight and narrow pathway. The Anglo Saxons really established Preston, although, there were clear signs of Roman activity in the surrounding area, however, it is late in the eleventh century that we see Prestons coming to life with the granting of a market day. Wool and textiles were the main providers of the towns wealth in the thirteenth century, and this lead in turn to many Flemish weavers entering the town in the fourteenth century, as they did in so many Lancastrian towns during this period. Preston is roughly situated halfway between London and Glasgow, a geographical fact that led the town being involved in more than its fair share of battles being fought locally. The two major battles were the Civil War engagement of 1648, and the first Jacobite Rebellion of 1715. The Industrial Revolution saw Prestons status rise dramatically from market town to an industrial center of some note and prominence. This is a rare and significant opportunity to acquire one of these much sort after panoramas by Englands premier topographical engravers, and is entirely in keeping with Arader Galleries fine and long standing tradition of only offering items of the highest quality for forty years. Description prepared for Arader Galleries by Ian Williams.