THE ACT OF SETTLEMENT. The Corruption and Impiety of the Common Members of the Late House of Commons. London: Printed in the Year 1701.
Small 4to., (8 x 5 6/8 inches). 4-pages.
This tract appears to have been written just as the House of Commons was debating The Act of Settlement of 1701, an act designed to secure the Protestant succession to the British throne, "and to strengthen the guarantees for ensuring parliamentary system of government. According to the 1701 Act, succession to the throne went to Princess Sophia, Electress of Hanover (James I's granddaughter) and her Protestant heirs. However, Sophia died before Queen Anne, therefore the succession passed to her son, George, Elector of Hanover, who in 1714 became King George I. The act was later extended to Scotland as a result of the Treaty of Union enacted in the Acts of Union of 1707...The Act also laid down the conditions under which alone the Crown could be held. No Roman Catholic, nor anyone married to a Roman Catholic, could hold the English Crown. The Sovereign now had to swear to maintain the Church of England (and after 1707, the Church of Scotland)" (The Royal Household online). ESTC T10674. Catalogued by Kate Hunter