TEXAS BOUNDARY. Boundary between the United States and Mexico, as surveyed and marked by the Boundary Commission, under the convention of July 29th, 1882, revived February 18th, 1889. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1899.
Folio (28 6/8 x 21 inches). 19 double-page lithographed maps. Contemporary half brown sheep, marbled paper boards, red morocco lettering-piece on the front cover, black morocco lettering-piece on the spine (a little scuffed at the extremities).
The atlas volume to accompany Senate Documents, Volume 25, No. 247, Fifty-fifth Congress, 2d Session, Senate Doc. No. 247: Report of the Boundary Commission upon the survey and remarking of the boundary between the United States and Mexico west of the Rio Grande, 1891 to 1896.
List of Maps and Profiles:
Index Map of the Boundary between the United States and Mexico as surveyed and marked by the International Boundary Commission, under the convention of July 29th, 1882, revived February 18th, 1889 - 2 maps
California Line - 4 maps
Colorado River section of the Boundary (printed in black and sepia)
Parallel 31 degrees, 20 minutes, North Latitude - 5 maps
Meridian Section - 2 maps
Profile of the Boundary - 5 maps
"A and B [the Index maps] show the prominent peaks, roads and springs in the vicinity of the boundary line whose positions and heights were determined by the U.S. Section of the Commission. The railroads, roads and trails and the location of settlements, rivers, &c., at a distance from the boundary were compiled from County maps, General Land Office maps, U.S. Engineer maps, &c. Pacific Coast Line and San Diego Bay from U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey charts. Coast of Lower California and Gulf of California from U.S. Hydrographic Office charts".
By the Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819 between the United States and Spain, the boundary line established between the two countries followed the course of the Red River westward to the 100th degree of west longitude, and crossing the Red River, ran due north to the Arkansas River; all "as laid down in Melish's map of the United States", although on Melish's map of the United States the 100th meridian was erroneously shown as crossing the Red River more than one hundred miles east of this strip, and east of the fork in the River. The same line was established by the treaty of 1828 between the United States and the United Mexican States, and confirmed by the Convention of 1838 between the United States and the Republic of Texas. It became part of the boundary between the State of Texas and the adjacent territory of the United States on the admission of Texas into the Union in 1845. In 1850, however, by a legislative compact between the United States and the State of Texas, it was agreed that the northern boundary line of Texas should run west with the parallel of 36 degrees 30 minutes from its intersection with the 100th meridian.
In 1859 the eastern boundary of the panhandle of Texas which runs along the 100th meridian was surveyed and marked, under the direction of the Indian Office, by A. H. Jones and H. M. C. Brown. In 1860 Clark surveyed the northwest boundary of Texas, under the auspices of the United States and Texas Boundary Commission. For various reasons, not least the advent of the Civil War in 1861, Clark's survey was not presented until the 47th Congress, and only published in 1882 as Senate Executive Document No. 70, accompanied by a series of detailed maps. However the boundary was not officially agreed upon until March of 1891. Between that date and 1912, when New Mexico became an official state and Clark's survey was once again officially recognised, the exact location of the boundary as it runs along the 103rd meridian was in dispute, partly as a result of Melish's original error. Catalogued by Kate Hunter