STILES, Ezra (1725-1795). A History of Three of the Judges of King Charles I Major General Whalley, Major-General Goffe and Colonel Dixwell: Who, at the Restoration of 1660, Fled to America; and were secreted and concealed, in Massachusetts and Connecticut, for near thirty years. Hartford: Elisha Babcock, 1794.
16mo., (6 4/8 x 4 inches). "Advertisement" leaf at the end, errata slip laid down on the last text leaf. Engraved frontispiece of Stiles as President of Yale, two folding engraved maps of New Haven and Hadley, one folding plate of the Judge's gravestones, five plates of maps and plans and views (browned, some spotting). Contemporary American mottled sheep, smooth spine gilt-ruled in six compartments, red morocco lettering-piece in one.
Provenance: Contemporary annotation on page 103 pointing to and correcting the name Abraham Barrell; 19th-century signature of Charles Barrell on the title-page; library label of Henry F. Barrell on the front pastedown; ownership inscription of Joseph Barrell of New Haven dated Sept 25 1906 on front pastedown.
First edition and an ASSOCIATION COPY from the family of Abraham Barrell one of the seventy-four appointed "Commissioners and Judges for hearing, trying, and adjudging the said Charles Stuart." Barrell was not one of the 59 signatories of the death warrant, but he did serve on the Council of State of the Commonwealth from 1651. In August 1660, following the Restoration of King Charles II, the Act of Indemnity and Oblivion was passed as a gesture of reconciliation and an attempt to reunite the kingdom. A free pardon was granted to everyone who had supported the Commonwealth and Protectorate, but exceptions were made for those who had directly participated in the trial and execution of King Charles I in 1649. In October of 1660 the Regicides that were in custody were brought to trial. Ten were condemned to death and publicly hanged, drawn and quartered at Charing Cross or Tyburn, in London. Nineteen were imprisoned for life. Those who had died before the Restoration were posthumously convicted of high treason and their property was confiscated, and their burial sites desecrated: the corpses of Oliver Cromwell, Henry Ireton and John Bradshaw were exhumed and hanged in their shrouds at Tyburn before their skulls were impaled at Westminster Hall. Some fled to Europe or to America and this is a detailed account of the life in exile of three of them, Barrell's co-judges: "Only sixteen judges fled, and finally escaped: three of whom, Major-General Edward Whalley, Major-General William Goffe, and Colonel John Dixwell, fled and secreted themselves in New-England, and died here" (Stiles). Church 1264; Howes S999; Sabin 91742. Catalogued by Kate Hunter