SOHR, Karl (1844-1901). Vollstandiger Hand-Atlas der neueren Erdbeschreibung uber alle Theile der Erde in 80 Blattern. Glogau: Flemming, 1844.

$ 450.00

Folio, (14 ¾ x 9 ¾ inches). (A bit spotted and browned throughout). 3 folding lithographed maps and 70 double-page maps (80 called for), most with original hand-color in outline (the folding maps have extensive tape repairs). Contemporary quarter sheep, marbled boards (extremities a bit worn).

Provenance: Contemporary manuscript ownership inscription of Alfons Wirth on a few pages; ink stamp of “Oberrechnungskammer” (Prussian superior accounting office) on title page.

First edition. Maps 45, 46, 47, 50, 51, 52, and 61 not present in this copy. According to Phillips the first edition of this atlas was “issued in 20 parts, noted in Kayser’s Vollständiges Bücher-Lexicon, vol. 10, 1848, p. 368” (Phillips Atlases 6097). There are three maps showing North America, all featuring Texas as a Republic: “Nord America” (#74), “Vereinigte Staaten von Nord-America” (#75), and “Mexico, Mittle America, Texas” (#76). In all three of these maps, “the configuration of Texas as a Republic is sympathetic to the Mexican point of view, showing the Nueces River as the boundary rather than Rio Grande. Emory’s ambitious borders pushing to Wyoming in the north and solidly at the Rio Grande in the south are nowhere to be seen. In fact, practically the entirety of the West beyond Texas is shown as part of Mexico. The colorist has outlined Texas in orange [in #76]” (Sloan).

There are also two important maps of Australia, “Australien” (#79) and “Australland” (#80). The first shows Oceania, with Australia labelled “Austral-Land,” with no internal division but some areas and towns labelled. North America is in the northeast corner of the map, and China is in the northwest corner. The second map is a closer view of Australia only, still lacking divisions but with the labels “Neu Holland,” “Colonie West Australia,” “Colonie Nord Australia,” “Colonie Sud Australia,” and “Colonie Neu Sud Wales.” Tasmania is labelled “Van Dieman’s Land.” Phillips Atlases, 6097.