SANSON, Guillaume (1633-1703) and Pierre Moullart SANSON (fl 1702-1730). Introduction a la geographie en plusieurs Cartes. Paris: Le Cloitre de St. Nicolas du Louvre, 1710.

$ 36,000.00

Folio (16 7/8 x 11 inches). Engraved title-page. 2 fine double-page and folding world maps, including one double-hemisphere, 3 double-page and folding maps of the continents, double-page map with two plates of Amerique Septentrionale and Meridional, 18 engraved maps of hemispheres, including 2 with volvelles, and 5 plates, including one with 2 volvelles, all with original hand-colour in outline (some light waterstaining to plates at end). Contemporary speckled calf (rebacked preserving the original spine, a bit rubbed).

Provenance: with the 19th-century ownership inscription of Abbe [Anatole?} Toussaint, cure de Montaure (Eure) (1863-1946), botanist, on the verso of the front free endpaper.

A beautiful and EXCEPTIONALLY RARE atlas, no other copies of this date are known, although one dated 1719 and with 39 maps is in the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library. Editions of the "Introduction" are known from as early as 1681, published under Guillaume Sanson's name, but vary in content. Guillaume was the son of celebrated French cartographer Nicholas Sanson-d'Abbeville (1600-1667), and Pierre Moullart was Nicholas's grandson who inherited the Sanson empire, and the position of Royal Cartographer, on his uncle's death. The extra-ordinary maps include some unusual hemispheres: concave views from the center of the earth outward; views using the Paris horizon as a reference point; and counterproofs. This technical introduction to cartography also shows calculation techniques with paper instruments using volvelles. Maps related to America are the world maps: Planisphere urano-geographique ...; Hemisphere Septentrional du Globe Terrestre 1704; Mappe Monde ou Carte marine Universelle, 1695; Hemisphere Septentrional du Globe Terrestre: vue en concave l'oiel estant au Pole AntArctique, 1704; Contre epreuve de l'Emisphere septen.l du Globe Terrestre (clipped and laid-down); Hemisphere superieur du Globe Terrestre pour l'Horizon de Paris, 1704; Hemisphere Superieur de Globe Terrestre pour l'Horizon de Paris, 1704; Contr' Epreuve de l'Hemisphere Superieur du Globe Terrestre veu en creux pour l'Horizon de Paris; Hemisphere Occidental du Globe Terrestre, 1705; Hemisphere Oriental du Globe Terrestre, 1705 (with zodiac volvelle);. Those related to Australia and the Pacific are: Planisphere urano-gepgraphique ..., 1705; Hemisphere Meridional du Globe Terrestre; Hemisphere Inferieur du Globe Terrestre pour l'Horizon de l'Antipode de Paris; Hemisphere inferieur du Gloe Terrestre pour l'Horizondel Antipode de Paris; Hemisphere Oriental du Globe Terestre veu en Convexe; Hemisphere Oriental du Globe Terrestre veu en concave (with zodiac volvelle). Not in any bibliography known to us. Catalogued by Kate Hunter