SANSON D'ABBEVILLE, Nicholas (1600-1667). Les Deux Pole Arctique ou Septentrionale, et Antarctique ou Meidionale […] Paris: 1657.
Single sheet, full margins, original hand-color in outline (17 x 22 ½ inches sheet; 26 ½ x 32 inches framed)
An attractive double hemisphere map by "the Father of Cartogrpahy", Nicholas Sanson D'Abbeville. This map is based on the polar projections so as to include the northern and southern thirds of the world. The North Pole is found connected to Greenland and Spitzbergen but there is little other detailed coastline in the polar area.
Europe, Russia and Canada are delineated. The South Pole is based on the great unknown Southland of Magellan. The most southern tip of South America is shown, and a large land mass ("Terra Incognita") which encompasses the whole of the hemisphere, but nothing else, showing the limited extent of knowledge of these extreme latitudes. Extraordinarily enough, though, the southern projection, which shows little more than the outline of a vast landmass 'Australe et Incogneue', roughly corresponding to Antarctica as we know it today, long before any of it was discovered. Maps by Sanson in original colour are rare, here with a colored outline. Nicolas Sanson (1600-1667) French cartographer who established the first great cartographic dynasty in France. He was tutor to Louis XIV. Sanson published over 300 maps and was a founder of the French school of mapmakers, at a time when the leadership in European cartography passed from the Low Countries to France.
For more information on this map, or a warm welcome to see other maps and books of our collection at 72nd Street NYC, please contact Natalie Zadrozna.