QUEEN ANNE PARLIAMENT. English Advice to English Freeholders. No place, no date, but probably 1705.

$ 100.00

Single sheet folded to make 4-pages, printed on each side (8 x 6 4/8 inches). (Browned and frayed at the edges).

The members for Queen Anne's second parliament were elected to the English House of Commons between 7 May 1705 and 6 June 1705. Parliament was summoned on the 2nd of May 1705, assembled on the 14th of June 1705, and dissolved on the 15th of April 1708. After the Acts of Union came into effect on the 1st of May 1707, this parliament became the first parliament of Great Britain.

The anonymous author of this pamphlet urges his fellow voters to consider "Those things which this Nation has been most jealous of, as not only against their Interest, but dangerous also to their Constitution, are a Single Ministry, a Standing Army, a Pensionary Parliament, and the Growth of the Perogative".

The election held in May and June 1705 "saw contests in 110 (41 per cent) of the 269 English and Welsh constituencies. Following their failure in the ‘tack’ division in November 1704, the Tories campaigned on the basis that the Church of England stood ‘in danger’ from the Dissenters. Godolphin and Marlborough gave full backing to Whig interests in the constituencies while Whig propaganda stressed the importance of the war and the Protestant succession as the lead issues. Party animosities ran fiercely in this election and degenerated into mob violence in large boroughs and small. At Coventry, for example, pitched battles erupted in the streets between rival mobs. The new House consisted of 260 Tories and 233 Whigs, with a further 20 unclassified, though with Robert Harley’s ‘moderates’ among the Tory contingent, the two parties were neck-and-neck. Of the total of 577 MPs who sat during this Parliament, 151 (26 per cent) had no previous parliamentary experience" (The History of Parliament Trust, online). Catalogued by Kate Hunter