PURCHAS, Samuel (ca 1575-1626). Purchas his Pilgrimes. In five bookes. - Purchase his Pilgrimage. London: William Stansby for Henrie Fetherstone, 1625 - 1626.

$ 122,000.00

Together, 5 volumes. Folio (13 x 8 2/8 inches). Additional engraved title-page, FINE double-page engraved map of "Virginia" by John Smith (13 x 14 2/8 inches, close cropped along the lower and right edges into the plate-mark), Burden 164 state 10,  7 double-page maps (map of China repeated), including "Hondius his Map of the Christian World", 81 engraved vignette maps in the text, 7 engraved vignettes in the text and woodcut illustrations throughout, head- and tail-pieces and initials (without initial blanks, 2 text leaves with short tears). Modern red morocco backed cloth, gilt.

Provenance: 19th-century pencilled annotations to margins throughout.

"One of the fullest and most important collections of early voyages and travels in the English language" (Sabin)  First edition of Purchas his "Pilgrimes..." and fourth edition of the "Pilgrimage...", issued simultaneously as a supplement. This issue of "Pilgrimes" with "Hondius his Map of the Christian World" in volume one on page 115 only, 2T6 incorrectly numbered, the headline on page 704 reading "Hollanders lying devices, to disgrace the English", with the colophon to volume 2, which is frequently missing, but with second issue of engraved title-page. Second issue of the "Pilgrimage..." with dedication to King Charles.  

Material relating to America begins in book III, about halfway through volume III with an account of George Barkley's travels, accompanied by a map of the arctic regions "Polus Arcticus..." . Book IV entitled "English Northerne Navigations, and Discoveries, Relations of Greeneland, Groenland, The North-West Passage, and other Arctike Regions, with later Russian Occurrents" is illustrated with Henry Briggs's double-page map of "The North part of America..." This map is best known for being the progenitor of the myth of California as an island, but since it may have been published as early as 1622 it is also proposed as the first map to name "Hudsons bay", "Fretum Hudson", "Hudsons R", "Cape Cod", and "De la war bay" (Burden 314). Book V concerns the "Voyages, and Travels to and in the New World, called America: relations of their Pagan Antiquities and of the regions and plantations in the North and South parts thereof, and of the Seas and Islands adiacent". It is illustrated with "Hondius his Map Of America", "Hondius his Map of Hispaniola, Cuba, &c", "Hondius his Map of Florida", "Hondius his Map of New Spaine", "Hondius his Map of America Meridionalis",  "Hondius his Map of the Magellan Streight", and numerous woodcuts of Mexican art and hieroglyphics.  

The fourth volume, containing books VI to X includes many famous accounts of voyages of exploration to and in the New World, and is famously illustrated with JOHN SMITH'S MAP OF "VIRGINIA". John Smith's map of "Virginia" "one of the most important printed maps of America ever produced and certainly one of the greatest influence. It became the prototype for the area for half a century until Augustine Herman's map of 1673. First issued separately in London, it accompanied many editions of various publications for another twenty years. It, therefore, was seen widely and inspired much interest in the fledgling Virginia colony, influencing considerably its eventual success. Consequently the east coast of North America became dominated by the English. To this day the map is still used by archeologists to locate native India villages. It records 166 of them" (Burden 164).

Also featured is Sir William Alexander, Earl of Stirling's map of New France, New Scotlande and New Englande (Burden 208). First published in 1624 to accompany his "An Encouragement to Colonies", this is an important map as it records the twenty names  of patentees granted land between 40 and 48 degrees north latitude, stretching from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean, and including the land east of the Ste. Croix River and the Acadian peninsula. This map is in the second state as issued to accompany Purchas's "Pilgrimes".  

The "Pilgrimage..." gives account of "The World and the Religions...", illustrated with the fine world map "Typus Orbis Terrarum". The fifth book concerns the East Indies, and "of the Seas and Islands about"; the eighth "Of New France, Virginina, Florida, New Spaine, with other Regions of America Mexicana; and of their Religions"; the ninth "Of Cumana, Guiana, Brasil, Chica, Chili, Perus, and other Regions of America, Peruuiana, and of their Religions".    

"This great geographical collection is a continuation and enlargement of Hakluyt's The Principal Navigations. At the death of Hakluyt there was left a large collection of voyages in manuscript which came into the hands of Purchas, who added to them many more voyages and travels ... This fine collection includes the accounts of Cortes and Pizarro, Drake, Cavendish, John and Richard Hawkins, Quiros, Magellan, van Noort, Spillbergen, and Barents, as well as the categories of Portuguese voyages to the East Indies, Jesuit voyages to China and Japan, East India Company voyages, and the expeditions of the Muscovy Company" (Hill 1403); Sabin 66682-66686; STC 20509, 20508.5. Catalogued by Kate Hunter