PTOLEMAEUS, Claudius (after 83 - ca 168 AD) - Girolamo RUSCELLI (1500 - 1566). La Geografia. Translated from Greek into Italian by Geronimo Ruscelli. Venice: Giordano Stella, 1564.
3 parts in one volume, 4to., (9 2/8 x 6 4/8 inches). General title-page with woodcut device (ownership inscription excised from lower edge), sectional title-pages for Espositioni et Introdottioni Universali di Ieronimo Ruscelli and Discorso Universale di M. Gioseppe Moleto. 2 fine woodcut portraits of Ptolemy observing the heavens, 66 fine double-page engraved maps mounted on guards, including the world map Orbis Descriptio, woodcut diagrams in the text, including some full-page, woodcut initials (first gathering quite loose, some inoffensive wormtracks to guards). Early Italian patterned paper boards (a bit worn).
Second edition of Ruscelli's Ptolemy, a reissue of the first of 1561, the 66 maps being printed from the same plates and with the same irregular numbering. These important maps are enlarged copies by Giulio and Livio Sanuto of Gastaldi's maps first published in Venice in 1548, except Universale novo, which was drawn on a new projection and renamed Orbis descriptio.
Other notable maps include: "Septemtronalum partium nova tabula" , a reduced version of the Nicolo Zeno map of the North Atlantic Ocean of 1558 and including many fictitious islands; "Tierra Nueva", a map of the east coast of North America showing the Hudson and St. Lawrence Rivers; "Nueva Hispania Tabula Nova" showing the Yucatan as a peninsula; other maps of America are "Tierra Nova showing South America, "Brasil Nuova Tavola", "Isola Cuba Nova", and "Isola Spagnola Nova"; "India Tercera Nuova Tavola" shows the East Indies; and "Orbis Discriptio" the twin hemisphere new world map, which as Shirley reports, is the earliest of its kind to appear in an atlas, shows not only North and south America, but also the islands of New Guinea. Maps not found in the previous Gastaldi edition of 1548 are: Scandinavia (after Jacob Ziegler, 1532); Brasil (after Ramusio); the Arctic regions; South Africa; and a navigational chart of the World. BM/STC Italian, p.543; Phillips Atlases 373; Sabin 66504. Catalogued by Kate Hunter