New York State. Rand, McNally, & Co.'s Railroad, County and Township Map of New York, Showing Every Railroad Station and Post Office in the State. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1883.

$ 750.00

New York State. Rand, McNally, & Co.'s Railroad, County and Township Map of New York, Showing Every Railroad Station and Post Office in the State.  Chicago: Rand McNally, 1883. 

Large folding map (34 ½ x 31 inches). dissected and mounted on linen, outlined in color, in the original publisher's green cloth folder.

A highly detailed map of the state of New York, featuring its numerous railroad lines and a large inset at bottom of Long Island and New York City.
Rand McNally & Company, still a major name in map publishing to this day, began as a small print shop opened in Chicago in 1856 by William H. Rand. The shop originally printed guidebooks and directories. In 1858, Rand hired Andrew McNally who was later to become a partner. Within the next few years, the shop got into the railroad business by starting to print railway tickets and schedules, a key step in the development of the company. The ticket printing led to the publishing of railway guides, and by 1872 Rand McNally and Company had the capacity to publish maps. What made Rand McNally unique at the time, and gave them an important advantage in the map publishing business, was that instead of using steel or copper engraving techniques, they adopted a wax engraving method called relief line engraving. The use of wax engraving meant that plates could be created very quickly and changed easily; necessary factors at that time of rapid railroad growth and westward expansion. The wax engraving method also allowed for the use of very small lettering, which was useful when many stops and stations along a route needed to be marked. Rand McNally &Company was quick to realize the potential in the map market, and the company expanded rapidly. The first map to really distinguish the company was Rand McNally & Co's New Railroad and County Map of the United States and Canada, published in 1876. This map formed the basis of numerous further publications, since it could be broken down to show different states or regions. While continuing to publish railroad maps, pocket maps and booklets, the company became serious atlas publishers in the 1880's, expanding their map coverage from the United States and Canada to the whole world. The Pocket Atlas of the World came out in 1885 and the General Atlas of the World in 1887. In 1886, Rand McNally added lithography to their printing capabilities. Their atlas publications continued well into the late 19th and early 20th centuries. For more information on this book, or a warm welcome to see other books and maps of our collection at 72nd Street NYC, please contact Natalie Zadrozna.