MOUZON, Henry (1741-1807). An Accurate Map of North and South Carolina with their Indian Frontiers. London: Sayer & Bennett, June 1775 (1776).
2 sheets joined to make two maps, (21 ½ x 57 inches each sheet).
AN EXCEPTIONALLY FINE engraved map of North and South Carolina, with MAGNIFICENT original hand-colour in part and in outline, the title within a superb asymmetrical rococo cartouche upper left, and with detailed insets of Charleston and Point Royal lower right.
This is truly a significant landmark map. Its astounding excellence and improvements in the depiction o fthe Carolinas was "recognized by all countries involved in the Revolutionary War, and it remained this way well into the 19th century". This is with a doubt the most comprehensive and detailed large scale map of its kind. It was the first map to stretch its borders as far as other topographical regions such as the Tidewater, the Piedmont, and the Back County.
This edition of Henry Mouzon's landmark sheet map of the Carolinas, the primary source for the geographical details of the Carolinas for the American, English and French armies during the American Revolution. Published in Sayer and Bennett's "The American Atlas: Or, A Geographical Description Of The Whole Continent Of America" in 1776.
Mouzon based his map on years of personal surveying experience, as well as over a decade spent critically assessing and incorporating previous information. For over fifty years, Mouzon's map was a primary source for information about the geography and topography of the Carolinas, copied frequently by other mapmakers for its remarkable detail and accuracy. Mouzon based his map on years of personal surveying experience and over a decade spent critically assessing and incorporating previous information.
For North Carolina, Mouzon inserted for the first time Tryon County and Pelham County (later called Sampson). The topography west of the Catawba River is more detailed and accurate than on any previous map. Mouzon also advanced beyond earlier maps in his inclusion of rivers, streams, roads, and physical features like White Oak or Tryon Mountains and Kings Mountain.
For South Carolina, Mouzon added rivers and Indian settlements west of the Cherokee Indian boundary lines, and his depiction of the eastern precincts was more sophisticated than anything that had come before. Mouzon's map depicts forts, parishes, bridges, roads, Indian paths, and boundaries, and includes insets of Charleston and Port Royal harbors.
For more information about this map, or a warm welcome to see it and other maps in our library at 72nd Street, NYC, please contact Natalie Zadrozna.