MOLL, Herman (1654-1732). To her Most Sacred Majesty Carolina Queen of Great Britain, France and Ireland, This Map of Europe. [London]: Printed by I. Bowles,... and T. Bowles, 1708; sold by H. Moll... and P. Overton,...[and] I. King, [ca 1730].

$ 1,800.00

2 sheets joined, matted and framed (23 x 38 inches to the neat line; framed size: 34 x 50 inches). An engraved map of Europe, with original hand-colour in outline, the dedication to Queen Caroline within an elaborate allegorical cartouche representing the four continents, beneath her portrait, upper left, the imprint in a simple cartouche lower left, an inset showing "A New Draught of ye Artificiall Channel and other Great Works, as Dams, Locks, etc made in order to Passage of Ships thro the Rivers of Ilastra, and Camisinca" lower right, the ocean decorated with a compass rose (2 old vertical folds a bit browned).

From Moll's "A Catalogue of a New and Complete set of Twenty-five Two-Sheet Maps" first published 1710-1715 and then re-issued ca 1730 with 30 maps. An attractive and detailed map of Europe, showing individual countries in outline, all major place-names, and waterways, and in particular highlighting the canal built by Peter the Great of Russia enabling boats to cross between the Caspian Sea and the Sea of Azov.

When Moll first engraved this map in 1708 it was dedicated to Queen Anne (Reigned 1702 - 1714). Europe was in the grip of two great struggles: The Great Northern War (1700–1721) in which a coalition led by the Tsardom of Russia successfully contested the supremacy of the Swedish Empire in Central, Northern, and Eastern Europe; and The War of Spanish Succession (1701–1714), which was fought between the major European powers, including a divided Spain, over who had the right to succeed Charles II as King of Spain. That conflict spread to include America as Queen Anne's War (1702–1713), and was the second in a series of French and Indian Wars fought between France and England, later Great Britain, in North America for control of the continent, settled by the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713.

Moll emigrated to London from Germany in about 1675. By 1678 he is recorded as working for the map-maker Moses Pitt as an engraver and frequenting famous Jonathan's Coffee House, where he mingled with the likes of Daniel Defoe, Jonathan Swift, the buccaneers William Dampier and Woodes Rogers, John Oldmixon, Thomas Salmon, Samuel Simpson, and for all of whom he made maps to accompany their works. "Moll first gained notice in London in the late 1670s as a fine engraver working for map publishers such as Moses Pitt, Sir Jonas Moore, the royal hydrographer Greenville Collins, John Adair, [Jeremiah] Seller and [Charles] Price, and others. What can be identified as his two earliest maps-'America' and 'Europe' respectively-and bearing the imprint 'H. Mol schulp.' appeared in Moore's 'A New Systeme of the Mathematicks Containing … a New Geography' in 1681… Moll worked increasingly independently. He published his first solo volume, the now rare 'Atlas Thesaurus' in 1695, and in 1701, by which time he worked completely on his own, he published his first major work, 'A System of Geography', an informative global geography with a full complement of crisp, straightforward maps that sold initially for 18s. a copy. Although relatively traditional and derivative, it helped to establish him as an independent geographer-cartographer.

"Moll's reputation rests upon a long and extremely fertile career of almost sixty years that yielded a diverse offering of over two dozen geographies, atlases, and histories and a myriad of individual maps, charts, and globes, spanning the known earth. Through his many works, he had also had an impact beyond geography and cartography on his adopted country and its future by graphically staunchly advocating early British expansion and empire" (Dennis Reinhartz for DNB). Catalogued by Kate Hunter