[MASSIE, Joseph (died 1784). Facts which shew The Necessity of Establishing a Regular Method for The Punctual, Frequent and Certain Payment of Seamen employed in The Royal Navy. Most humbly submitted to the Consideration of Parliament. London : printed for T. Payne, in Castle-Street, Charing-Cross; sold by W. Shropshire, in New Bond-Street; W. Owen, at Temple-Bar; C. Henderson, at the Royal-Exchange, 1758.
Small 4to., (8 x 6 inches). 2-page advertisement: "The Following Tracts Were Written by J. Massie", at end. Modern half tan calf, blue paper boards, gilt.
In order to support his argument for "punctual, frequent, and certain Payment of British Seamen's Wages", Massie's treatise begins with an alarming list "of the Number of MEN who DESERTED from the late Colonel John Cottrell's late Regiment of Marines, between 25 October 1741, and 23 February 1746-7; distinguishing the Circumstances under which they Deserted". The total was 247, and Massie analyses the circumstances under which they deserted, paying particular attention to whether or not the seamen were owed pay. His conclusions are clear: "From hence it appears very evident, that the speedy and regular Payment of Men doth not encourage them to Desert, but on the contrary induces them to continue in the Service of their Country; for nothing but a Disposition to remain in the Service could have prevented so many Men from Deserting upon the Receipt of their Pay, as they were then on Shore and might have Deserted at any Time" (page 4).
John Cotterell's Regiment of Marines, the 49th Regiment of Foot (6th Marines), was raised on the 20th November 1739 as Lewis Moreton's Regiment of Marines, was ranked as 49th Foot or 6th Marines by 1741, and disbanded on the 4th November 1748. This time period coincided with the War of Jenkins' Ear (1739–1748) against Spain, which was dominated by a series of costly and mostly unsuccessful attacks on Spanish ports in the Caribbean. ESTC T99529. Catalogued by Kate Hunter