MADDOX, Isaac (1697–1759). The Lord Bishop of Worcester's letter to the clergy of his diocese,...of the city of Worcester. London: M. Cooper and G. Woodfall, 1745.

$ 100.00

The Lord Bishop of Worcester's letter to the clergy of his diocese, and his Lordship's speech upon the presenting an association and subscription at the town-hall of the city of Worcester, October 4, 1745. London: sold by M. Cooper, at the Globe in Pater-noster Row; and G. Woodfall, at the King's Arms at Charing-Cross. 1745.

Folio (12 x 7 4/8 inches). 8-pages. Woodcut publisher's device on the title/self-wrapper, removed from a sammelband (old horizontal folds, a bit stained).

In January 1734 Maddox he became dean of Wells and on 4 July 1736, he was consecrated bishop of St Asaph, which was translated to Worcester in 1743. He held this see for the rest of his life, but only visited Worcester in 1745, his primary visitation, followed by triennial visitations in 1749, 1753, and 1757. On the occasion of his primary visitation he delivered this speech concerning the Jacobite Rising of 1745: "the wicked Nature and dreadful Consequences of this detestable Enterprize" (A2).

The "Forty-five Rebellion", was the last uprising attempting to return the exiled Stuart king James II and his descendants to the British throne after the Glorious Revolution. It "has been heavily romanticized, but it was also the most formidable. The outlook in 1745 seemed hopeless, for another French invasion, planned for the previous year, had miscarried and little help could be expected from that quarter. The number of Scottish Highlanders prepared to turn out was smaller than in 1715, and the lowlands were apathetic or hostile; but the charm and daring of the young prince, Charles Edward (later called the Young Pretender [and/or  Bonnie Prince Charlie]), and the absence of the government troops (who were fighting on the Continent [in the War of Austrian Succession]) produced a more dangerous rising. Within a few weeks Charles was master of Scotland and victor of Prestonpans (September 21); though utterly disappointed as regards an English rising, he marched south as far as Derby in England (December 4) and won another battle (Falkirk, Jan. 17, 1746) before retreating to the Highlands. The end came on April 16, when William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, crushed the Jacobite army at the Battle of Culloden, near Inverness. About 80 of the rebels were executed; many more were hunted down and wantonly killed or driven into exile; and Charles, hounded for months by government searching parties, barely escaped to the Continent (September 20)" (Encylcopedia Britannica online). Catalogued by Kate Hunter