Folio (12 x 8 inches). Title-page with woodcut printer's device of Jean Petit, folding woodcut map of the world by Oronce Fine (1494-1555), 1531 (lower margin of map close cut, left blank margin slightly shaved and with extended margin, occasional light spotting to text). 18th-century vellum over paste-board, lettered in ink on spine "Variorum Geographia" and "Grynaeus Novus Orbis 94" (three small areas of light abrasion on the spine); modern quarter brown morocco clamshell box.
Provenance: Near contemporary ownership inscription of Carolus Bartolomeus Ranasius Cremonensis at the foot of the title-page; 18th-century inscription "No 94 Variorum Auctorum" in the upper right-hand margin of the title-page.
The first appearance of Magellan's name on a map. First published in Basel the same year, this is an exceptionally fine copy with the RARE WORLD MAP BY ORONCE FINE, the most prominent French cartographer of the 16th-century. Fine's double-cordiform (or heart-shaped) projection of the world is a modification of Werner's cordiform, but first employed by Fine in his world map of 1519. This new form, which shows both the north and south poles, went on to be used by Mercator in his 1538 world map and by Lafreri in 1560 and is a logical departure from the speculative geography of Waldseemüller and Ruysch.
Fine names the lower Pacific "Mare Magellanium", which is the first appearance of Magellan's name on a map. Interestingly, the definition of the Antarctic land mass is surprisingly accurate given the lack of any knowledge of the region. The definition of the west coast of Mexico is one of the earliest to show the discoveries of Cortes.
The work contains accounts of the voyages of Cadamosto, the three voyages of Columbus, Nino, Pinzon, Vespucius, Cabral, and part of the Fourth Decade of Peter Martyr, "also many other pieces which do not relate to America" (Sabin). Begining with Madrignano's latin version of the "Paesi novamente retrovati", and followed by ten accounts, all of which had been previously published except the second, they include Vespucci's letter to Piero Soderinin Gonfalonier of Florence, recording his four voyages which was first published in 1507 as an appendix to Waldseemuller's "Cosmographiae Introductio"; the first publication of a letter from King Manuel of Portugal to Leo X relating the conquest of Malacca and the relief of Goa by Albuquerque; Madrignano's Latin translation of the "Itinerario" of Ludovico di Varthema, printed Rome 1510; Brocardus's description of the Holy Land; the travels of Marco Polo; the travels of Hayton the Armenian; a description of Russia by Matthias of Miechow first published in Cracow in 1517; another description of Russia by Paolo Giovio, first published in Rome 1525; Peter the Martyr's Fourth Decade, first published in Basel in 1521; and an account of the antiquities of Prussia by Erasmuns Stella, also Basel 1510 (Modern Language Review, volume II, 1907). Adams G1336; Shirley 66 (world map); "Mapping our World: Terra Incognita to Australia", National Library of Australia, page 83. Catalogued by Kate Hunter