HONDIUS, Jodocus (1563 - 1612). America. Amsterdam: Hondius, c 1606.
Single sheet (18 x 22 ¼ inches; full margins showing the plate) (Age tone to paper, light browning to edge)
A stunning early map of the Western Hemisphere. The map's depiction includes an inset vignette of Brazilian natives making alcohol, as depicted by De Bry. Decorative animals and ships dot the seas, exemplifying various regions including Japan, Greenland, Florida, South America, and Europe. The map demonstrates beautiful original hand-coloring, with an exceptional attention to detail by Hondius. The elegant cartouches containing the vignettes and titles provide great presence; while the ships scattered among the waving sea adds an embellishment for the eyes. Small touches of sea monsters and exotic birds add to the attention to detail Hondius is known for.
Originially engraved by Honius for the first edition of Mercator's Atlas (1606).
Created by Mercator and based on numerous sources, Hondius' updated version is more accurate, particularly in the west coast of South America.
"Produced oon a srereographis [rojection like more and more maps of the time, it is an Amalgam of various sources. It incorporated a more correctr west coast pf South America and narrows still further the longitudinal width of New Spain at the Tropic of Cancer… However, like all cartography before, it still retains an enlarged North American continent" (Burden).
Gerard Mercator (1512-1594) was an accomplished mathematician, cartographer, globe maker and engraver but is best known for the Mercator Projection. Incorporating the newly accepted fact that the world is round, Mercator was able to render longitude lines consistently straight on a chart. Although this requires some distortion, it was of great use for navigators, and is historically important, as it is still the most commonly used projection today. Jodocus Hondius (1563-1612) was a prolific 17th century Dutch mapmaker who purchased Mercator's plates in 1604.
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