HONDIUS, Henricus (1597-1651) - VISSCHER, Claes Janszoon (1587-1652) - GOOS, Pieter (1615-1675). Composite Atlas. Amsterdam and Paris. Ca. 1640, composed before 1750.

$ 68,000.00

HONDIUS, Henricus (1597-1651) - VISSCHER, Claes Janszoon (1587-1652) - GOOS, Pieter (1615-1675). Composite Atlas. Amsterdam and Paris: Ca. 1640, composed before 1750.

This composite atlas seems to have been composed during the reign of Louis XV (1710-1774) and contains 88 maps of Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Lithuania, Silesia, Scandinavia, Italy, Austria, Bohemia, Moravia, Hungary, Switzerland and France: countries involved in the War of the Polish Succession (1733–1738) and The War of the Austrian Succession (1740–1748).

On the inside of the cover, a large engraving (book plate) is pasted with a dedication to Charles François Paul Le Normant de Tournehem, with his coats of arms. This engraving depicts "Time saving Truth from Falsehood and Envy", engraved by Laurent Cars, after a painting by François Lemoyne, 1737. Le Normant de Tournehem, was general manager of the Buildings of the King and a great art lover. The Normant Tournehem was most likely to be the biological father of Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, the future Marquise de Pompadour. Bound in contemporary brown morocco in "Du Seuil" type, decorated with fillets making up two frames around the boards, the smaller one inside the larger. The spine consits of eight compartments, with raised bands, a gilt title "Allemagne et Pays-Bas" and gilt fillets. (Needs restoration). The maps are all numbered in a contemporary hand in brown ink, beginning with number 4. The first 4 maps removed.

PROVENANCE: Charles François Paul Le ormant de Tournehem (1684–1751) French financier, a 'fermier-général', or tax-farmer. He was most likely the biological father of Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson (1721–1764), the future Marquise de Pompadour, also known as Madame de Pompadour. She was a member of the French court and was the official chief mistress of Louis XV from 1745 to her death. Thanks to the influence of Madame de Pompadour, Le Normant de Tournehem was made directeur général of the Bâtiments du Roi in December 1745. He held this post, overseeing royal building works, until his death. He was a great art lover.

The Normant Tournehem, it is supposed, owned this atlas, as it included an engraving dedicated to him, the maps are covering the regions of the wars occurred during the reign of Louis XV: The War of the Polish Succession (a conflict between France (Louis XV married Marie Leszczynka, daughter of the King of Poland Stanislas Leszczynski), an ally of Spain, Sardinia and Bavaria, Russia and Austria (1733 to 1738), and the War of the Austrian Succession.

In addition to the maps of Germany, the atlas includes rare and specific maps of Poland and Silesia, the Netherlands, Denmark, Franconia and Electoral Palatinate. These maps show the geopolitics of the moment, and Le Normant de Tournehem being close to Louis XV, must have had a great interest in these particular regions.

In addition, to support this hypothesis, two portraits are glued to the back of the maps, those of Frederick II of Prussia, known as Frederick the Great (1712 to 1786 ) and Maximilian III Joseph (1712 to 1777 ).

Conflict between France (Louis XV married Marie Leszczynka, daughter of the King of Poland Stanislas Leszczynski), an ally of Spain, Sardinia and Bavaria, Russia and Austria (1727 to 1738).

THE MAPS:

A description of some of the 88 maps in this atlas: The maps are contemporarily cut outside the plate mark and pasted on a larger sheet, with extended margins to fit into the atlas. The maps have original, strong hand colouring. Some have (mainly) light marginal water staining, and some have worm traces. The maps are good, with dark impressions. Maps by P.Goos, N.Jansz Picator (Vischer), H.Hondius, J.Janssonius, N.Tavernier, etc. 

Some of the most interesting and important maps:

Five working copies of Melchior.Tavernier'. Carte généralle d'Almaigne, nouvellement misse en françois et ampliffiée de tous les royaumes et pais circonvoisins… Paris, [ca 1640].
400 x 530 mm. In original outline colours.
5 Identical maps, however with different printed colour key on verso. Each map and several towns hand coloured according to this colour key.
Text on verso :
Carte d'Allemagne divisée par Provinces…
Carte d'Allemagne divisée par Cercles…
Carte d'Allemagne divisée par Dioceses, ou Eveschez…
Carte d'Allemagne divisée par Estats, & Seigneuries particulières…
Carte d'Allemagne divisée par Ligues, & Partis.

With five figured borders maps
VISSCHER, Claesz Jansz. Haec Tabula Nova Poloniae et Silesiae. [Amsterdam], 1633.

465 x 532 mm. In original outline colours. Pasted on strong paper (at the time of the binding), a few worm holes affecting the title and the top views. Third state, 1633 (of 7).
First published by Claes Jansz Visscher before 1630. The map went through numerous states. The title in Latin is top centre, flanked on each side by a town view and a portrait. The engraver, Abraham Goos signed in the lower right corner. The map is surrounded by decorative borders. Top border: Sigismundus III ; Cracovia ; Dantzick ; Stephanus I. Bottom border : Sigismundus II ; Posna ; Crossen ; (List of Polish Kings) ; Sandomiria ; Breslaw ; Henricus II. Left border : Nobilis Polona ; Vir Polonus ; Insigne Polonae (coat of arms) ; Virgo Gedanensis ; Sponsa Silesiae. Right border : Nobilis Polonus ; Faemina Polona ; Insigne Silesiae (coat of arms) ; Sponsa Gedanensi s ; Faemina Silesiae.

The map was engraved by Abraham Goos, while the borders were etched in Visscher’s workshop. The map is based on Dirk Grijp’s map of Poland for John Speed’s “ Prospect of the world (1627)”, although Visschers’ map extends a little further to the north. Visscher’s map also includes informations taken from Blaeu’s “Pascaarte van een deel van de Oost Zee, tusschen Bornholm ende der Memel” in his 1608 navigational guide “Het Licht der Zeevaert”. Some toponyms on the Hel Peninsula are taken from Mercator’s map of Prussia. The name WARZOVIA (instead of Mazovia) has been copied from Hondius’s map of Poland. The town views are based on the same models in the “Civitates Orbis Terrarum” by Braun and Hogenberg. The importance of Cracow and Gdansk is stressed by making them twice the size of the other views. Schilder, Monumenta VI, 98.3 Third state, 1633.

VISSCHER, Claesz Jansz. Daniae Regni Typum. [Amsterdam], 1630.

462 x 546 mm. In original colours. Second state, 1630 (of 4). Very decorative map of Denmark with the signature of Claes Jansz. Visscher and dated 1630. Engraved by Abraham Goos. The map is surrounded by decorative borders with town views, costumes figures, portraits and coat of arms. In the centre of the bottom border, the portrait of Tycho Brahe is shown. The original source for the map, is Speed’s 1626 map of Denmark. Schilder, Monumenta VI, map 77.2.

GOOS, P. Belgium sive Inferior Germania post omnes. Amsterdam, 1618 / 1631.

425 x 550 mm. In original outlines colours. Third state (of 4), by Joannes Janssonius, 1631. Early map of the Low Countries, engraved and first published by Abraham Goos in 1618. Abraham Goos was active, not only as a map engraver for the workshop of Claes Jansz Visscher and the Hondius family, but also engraved and published on his own account. The map of the Seventeenth Provinces engraved and published by A. Goos in 1618, is an example of his activities in the field of single-sheet map production. The map is based primarily on the 1608 map of the Seventeenth Provinces by Willem Jansz [Blaeu]. A striking feature in the map content is the intentional omission of the region known as “LEODIENSIS EPISCOPATUS”. This Prince-bishopric of Liege is blank on the map because it does not form part of the Seventeenth Provinces in the legal sense (the Goos map is an exception in this respect, because all other maps of the Seventeenth Provinces include the Prince-bishopric of Liege). Along the top border, town-views of Amsterdam, Dordrecht, Antwerp, Brussels. Down the left border, Middelburg, Utrecht, Nijmegen, Zutphen, Leeuwarden, Groningen, Deventer. Down the right-border: Gent, Luxembourgh, Mechelen, Namen, Limburg, Bergen, Atrecht. Costumed figures of a merchant, nobleman and his wife, merchant's wife, farmer and farmer's wife. Along the bottom : The coats-of-arms of the XVII Provinces. The third (of 4) states, with date of 1631 and an address of "Jan Janssen Boeckvercoper wonende op 't water inde Paskaert. Van der Heijden lists only 7 other copies of this state. Van der Heijden, Old maps of the Netherlands, 85. Schilder, Monumenta Cartographica : VI, map 54.3.

JANSSON, J. Nova Franconiae Descriptio. Amsterdam, 1632.

450 x 555 mm. In original outline colours. Second state, 1632 (of 2). In 1626, Abraham Goos engraved a single-sheet map of Franconia with decorative borders for Joannes Janssonius. In the centre portion of the top border is the map title, flanked by the views of "Nurenbergh" and "Wurtsburgh". The map has coats of arms and costumed figures in the side borders. Lower border contains views of Bamberg, Fulda, Rotenburgh and Budingen. The geographical content is based on Gerard Mercator's map of Franconia. The town views are based on depictions in the “Civitates Orbis Terrarum” by Braun and Hogenberg. Schilder lists only 3 other copies of this state. Schilder, Monumenta Cartographica VI, 42.2.

VISSCHER, Claesz Jansz. Palatinatus Rheni Nova et Accurata Descriptio. Amsterdam, 1630.

443 x 553 mm. In original outlines colours. Third state, 1630 (of 5). Visscher’s map of the Palatinate of the Rhine is one of the many cartographical products created during the Bohemian-Palatine War. The geographical content is based on Gerard Mercator’s “PALATINATUS Rheni”, but unlike of other contemporary maps, Visscher made corrections and additions in the map image. The map is framed down the sides, and bottom by four pairs of costumed figures, town views of Frankfurt am Main, Mainz, Speyer, Worms and Heidelberg, together with 4 smaller views, 2 coats-of-arms and the cask of Heidelberg. Schilder, Monumenta Cartographica VI, 49.3.

HONDIUS, H. Comitatus Hollandiae. Amsterdam, 1629.
390 x 508 mm. In original colours. First state. Very rare map of the province of Holland. In an inset, decorated with a wreath of fishes and a mermaid, the islands Texel, Vlieland and Terschelling. Prepared by Baltasar Floris van Berckenrode. Blonk, Holland 43, First state.

VISSCHER, Claesz Jansz. (Zeeland). [Amsterdam], 1631.
352 x 470 mm.
Map of Zeeland without title cartouche, with the lower right portion depicting a view of Middelburg and two figures dressed after the fashion of the period. To the left at the top, surrounded by fine compass-card. The plate was bought from van den Keere who had used it in his 3 editions of his atlas "Germania Inferior" in 1617 & 1622 (2 editions). Visscher made corrections and additions in the map image. With Claesz Jansz. Visscher imprint and the engraved date 1631.

VISSCHER, Claesz Jansz. Caerte van't Scheldt ende Santvliet; vertoonende de verdroncken overwaterde landen, nieuw aengewasse gorsingen, ende kreeken oft killen in en door de selve tusschen Bergen op Zoom en Antwerpen. [Amsterdam]1632. 280 x 424 mm. In original outline colours.

Rare wall map of Flanders :
(Earliest multi-sheet map to be published in the seventeenth century.) 

Hondius, Henricus / Balthasar Florisz van Berckenrode. [Wall map of Flanders]. [Amsterdam], 1633 (or earlier). In original colours. A four-sheet map (without the new engraved sections). The four maps are in early states and without text on verso. Two wall maps of Flanders had been published a short time before Blaeu’s 1638 wall map : one by Henricus Hondius in Amsterdam (the earliest multi-sheet
map to be published in the seventeenth century), and one by Alexander Serhanders in Gent. There is no known copy of the wall map published in Amsterdam, but it can be reconstructed. H. Hondius also published multi-sheets maps (wall maps of Holland and Brabant) and he made convenient use of copperplates, which had also been used for the atlas edition. He also adopted this method in the compilation of a wall map of Flanders. For the core area of the wall map of Flanders use was made of copperplates, which had also been used for four sheets in H. Hondius’s French-language atlas of 1633. Fine hairlines were drawn on the atlas sheets to indicate where the maps were to be cut off, or overlapped, for the wall map. In order to obtain a rectangular format for the wall map as a whole, the unequally sized core sheets had to be filled out with freshly engraved sections.

The following atlas sheets were used :
[1] [Flandriae pars occidentalis] without title cartouche. 382 x 492 mm. 11,2 cm had to be cut off the lower margin as far as the latitude of Ieper. State 11.2, without title cartouche and polder “Moer Landen”.
[2] [Pars Flandriae orientalis… ] without title cartouche. 394 x 494 mm. Cutting 6,4 cm from the left margin and 5 cm from the lower margin anabled this sheet to be fitted to the map sheet above.
[3] [Flandria Gallica…] without title cartouche. 400 x 500 mm. 8 cm had to be cut off the left margin so that the cartouche also disappeared. State 14.1, Without the cartouche in the lower left corner.
[4] [Untitled; area bounded by the towns of Gent, Antwerp, Leuven and Oudenaarde]. 400 x 500 mm. This sheet adjoins the previous map sheet in the west. Without text on verso. - Schilder, Monumenta Cartographica V : VI.