HAYNES, Frank Jay (1853-1921) - YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK. Fine Photograph of "Silver Gate from Hoodoos". [1887].

$ 700.00

Fine albumen print, mounted on archival matt (5 x 8 inches; 11 x 14 inches), of Silver Gate from Hoodoos, number 11 pencilled lower left-hand corner.

Provenance: from the library of William E. Hofman, his sale Christie's 3rd December, 2010, lot 343

A spectacular view of Silver Gate from Hoodoos, with a gentleman on horseback and two-horse drawn carriage within the gateway. "The driveway from Mammoth to Golden Gate ascends the mountain by such easy grades and graceful curves that one does not realize that a thousand feet elevation is gained in less than three miles. This road passes through the limestone Hoodoos, a wild region heretofore inaccessible. Many theories are advanced as to the origin of the "Hoodoos." The most plausible is that the immense quantity of deposit or formation seen lower down the valley, even as far as Gardiner River, two miles distant, was carried there in solution by the hot waters of Mammoth Springs, thus leaving honeycombed caves beneath; the present Hoodoo region was formed by the surface caving in, filling the cavern below with huge masses of fractured rock. This condition is seen over a total area of about one square mile. In the midst of the "Hoodoos" the road makes an abrupt turn, passing between great blocks of limestone that rise abruptly fully seventy-five feet, to which is applied the very appropriate name, "Silver Gate."" (Haynes and Guptill "Haynes Guide to Yellowstone Park" St. Paul, MN: F. Jay Haynes, 1906, page 122).

Yellowstone, was the world's first national park, and "is situated mainly in Wyoming and extends into Montana and Idaho. It was established in 1872 by Congress, primarily because of its geysers, but also because of its remarkable assemblage of wildlife and unusual natural features. The "national park idea" pioneered at Yellowstone eventually spread worldwide. In the United States, Mackinac Island National Park (now a Michigan state park) was established in 1875 and Sequoia and Yosemite National Parks in 1890. (Yosemite had been a California state park since 1864.) Yellowstone remains the "mother park" in the U.S. national park system, which by the 1990s included 376 sites.

The celebrated photographer Haynes  was first hired as the official photographer of the Northern Pacific Railroad and "given his own travelling studio in a converted rail car, Haynes produced numerous famous images of the railroad's construction projects and of sites along its route. He held that position for nearly three decades. He also was appointed in 1884 as Yellowston's official photographer and sold materials from a store in the park itself. He retired in 1916. His images of Yellowstone are among his more important and dramatic imagery" (see Dorothy Sloan, Western Americana,10/18/2006, lot 254).

"Boasting about three-quarters of the world's geysers (of which Old Faithful is the most famous) and over half of the thermal features, it also has one of the globe's most spectacular canyons, one of North America's most celebrated waterfalls, and more than 225 permanent waterfalls higher than fifteen feet. It has the premier wildlife sanctuary (and the top three trout-fishing streams) in the continental United States. Unmatched in the variety and number of its megafauna, the park shelters the world's largest concentration of elk and is one of the last remaining strongholds of the grizzly bear in the coterminous states. It is the only site in the United States (and one of only two in the world) where a wild bison herd has survived continuously since ancient times. At the center of the largest relatively intact ecosystem in the North Temperate Zone, its hundreds of lakes, creeks, mountains, and valleys survive in essentially pristine condition. As in all major parks, Yellowstone's administrators debate the appropriate forms of intervention to protect this delicate ecosystem and strive to balance the competing claims of public access and wilderness preservation" (see Aubrey L. Haines, The Yellowstone Story, 1996; James Pritchard, Preserving Yellowstone's Natural Conditions: Science and the Perception of Nature, 1999). Montana Historical Society Research Center - Archives and Photograph Archives. Catalogued by Kate Hunter