MORTIER, Pieter (1661-1711) - FRICX, Eugene Henri (1644-1730). [Carte du Theatre de la Guerre aux Pais-Bas]. Amsterdam: Chez Pierre Mortier, [1710-1711].

$ 35,000.00

SPECTACULAR MAP OF THE SOUTHERN NETHERLANDS AND NORTHERN FRANCE.

21 double-page engraved map sheets numbered in the engraving 1-21 (each ca. 21 x 24 4/8 inches; 16 2/8 x 22 inches to the neat line; with full margins, showing the plate-mark). Each with EXCEPTIONALLY FINE ORIGINAL HAND-COLOUR IN FULL, with territories shown in different bold watercolours of pink, green and yellow, the towns and parishes noted, and the important cities shown in red and HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, the coastline delineated in extraordinary detail with sandbanks shown and  the Channel teeming with English, Dutch and French galleons, fishing trawlers and other sail boats, decorated with SUPERB WIND AND COMPASS ROSES, HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, and surrounded by a border of yellow wash (old central vertical creases).

[WITH:] Carte d'Artois et des Environs; ou l'on voit le Ressort du Conseil Provincial d'Artois: Dresse sur les Observations de M.rs de L'Academie des Sciences. Par G. de l'Isle. Amsterdam: Chez Pierre Mortier. (21 x 24 4/8 inches; 19 2/8 x 24 inches to the neat line; with full margins, showing the plate-mark). A very fine and detailed map of the southern Netherlands and northern France, with EXCEPTIONALLY FINE ORIGINAL HAND-COLOUR IN FULL, with territories shown in different bold watercolours of pink, green and yellow, the towns and parishes noted, and the important cities shown in red and HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, the title within a banner across the top of the map, and within a large and extravagant allegorical cartouche, upper right, HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, decorated with a fine compass rose HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, and surrounded by a border of yellow wash, with the BATTLE LINES DRAWN AND ANNOTATED IN LIQUID GOLD, and dated between 1705 and 1711, CLEARLY SERVING AS A KEY-MAP.

Provenance: each map with an additional contemporary manuscript number in the top right-hand corner of the margin; 11 of the maps with the BATTLE LINES DRAWN AND ANNOTATED IN LIQUID GOLD, and dated between 1704 and 1711.

A BEAUTIFUL EXAMPLE OF THIS RARE, IMPORTANT AND LARGE-SCALE MAP, WHICH IF JOINED WOULD MAKE A SUPERB WALL MAP OF THE FIELD OF BATTLE FOR THE WAR OF SPANISH SUCCESSION  (1701-1714) IN THAT PART OF EUROPE, AND IS ALL THAT WAS PUBLISHED OF THE SERIES BY PIETER MORTIER BEFORE HIS DEATH IN 1711, originally published by Eugene Henri Fricx between 1706 and 1712, in two parts: the first 23 maps forming a large topographical map of the southern Netherlands, as here, followed by 3 general maps and then 47 maps or plans of towns, sieges or battles. The current example is Mortier's version of the first part of Fricx's atlas, copied, improved and augmented by the celebrated Amsterdam cartographical publisher, up to and including the maps issued by Fricx to 1710-1711, eleven maps are illuminated with BATTLE LINES DRAWN AND ANNOTATED IN LIQUID GOLD, and dated between 1704 and 1711, on the first map Carte Particuliere d'une Partie d'Angleterre, Mortier states that his map IS COMPLETE IN 18 SHEETS "Cette Carte Contient 18 fuilles", so, published before a further three maps: "Carte Particuliere des environs d'Avesnes, Landrecy, La Capelle, Guise,...", 1712,  "Carte Particuliere des environs de Philleville, Charlemont, Marienbiurg, Rocroy,...", 1712, and a third map, which might have been a key-map of the "Theatre de la guerre", published as early as 1703, but here replaced by the Carte d'Artois et des Environs; ou l'on voit le Ressort du Conseil Provincial d'Artois: Dresse sur les Observations de M.rs de L'Academied des Sciences. Par G. de l'Isle. Amsterdam: Chez Pierre Mortier, a very fine and detailed map of the southern Netherlands and northern France, with the BATTLE LINES DRAWN AND ANNOTATED IN LIQUID GOLD, and dated between 1705 and 1711. 

The War of Spanish Succession (1701–1714) was fought between the major European powers, including a divided Spain, over who had the right to succeed Charles II as King of Spain. That conflict spread to include America as Queen Anne's War (1702–1713), and was the second in a series of French and Indian Wars fought between France and England, later Great Britain, in North America for control of the continent, settled by the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713. Charles II, the last of the Spanish Habsburgs died childless. "In an effort to regulate the impending succession, to which there were three principal claimants, England, the Dutch Republic, and France, had in October 1698 signed the First Treaty of Partition, agreeing that on the death of Charles II, Prince Joseph Ferdinand, son of the elector of Bavaria, should inherit Spain, the Spanish Netherlands, and the Spanish colonies... In February 1699, however, Joseph Ferdinand died. A second treaty, signed on June 11, 1699, by England and France and in March 1700 by the Dutch Republic, awarded Spain and the Spanish Netherlands and colonies to Archduke Charles, second son of the Holy Roman emperor Leopold I, and Naples, Sicily, and other Spanish territories in Italy to France. Leopold, however, refused to sign the treaty, demanding that Charles receive all the Spanish territories intact... In November Louis XIV proclaimed his grandson king of Spain, as Philip V (the first Bourbon king of Spain), and then invaded the Spanish Netherlands. An anti-French alliance was formed (September 7, 1701) by England, the Dutch Republic, and the emperor Leopold. They were later joined by Prussia, Hanover, other German states, and Portugal. The electors of Bavaria and Cologne and the dukes of Mantua and Savoy allied themselves with France, although Savoy switched sides in 1703. William III of England, a strong opponent of Louis XIV, died in 1702, but the government of his successor, Queen Anne, upheld the vigorous conduct of the war. John Churchill, duke of Marlborough, played the leading role in Queen Anne’s government and on the battlefield until his fall in 1711. He was ably seconded on the battlefield by the imperial general Prince Eugene of Savoy.

"The markedly superior generalship of Marlborough and Eugene brought them a series of victories over France from 1704 to 1709. A Franco-Bavarian offensive in Germany was smashed at Blenheim in 1704. The French were then driven out of the Low Countries by the battles of Ramillies in 1706 and Oudenaarde in 1708. The French were also expelled from Italy after their attempted siege of Turin was broken (September 7, 1706) by Eugene’s brilliant campaign. The only theatre of the land war in which the alliance had no real success was Spain, where Philip V successfully maintained his position.

"Louis XIV sought to end the war from 1708 and was willing to give up the Spanish inheritance to the House of Habsburg. The British, however, insisted on the unrealistic demand that Louis use his army to remove his own grandson from Spain. Louis refused, broke off negotiations, and resumed the war. Two developments in 1711 altered the situation in favour of France. On April 17, 1711, Archduke Charles became heir to all the Austrian Habsburg possessions. Britain and the Dutch had no intention of continuing the war in order to give him the Spanish inheritance as well and thereby resurrect the old empire of Charles V. In Britain the enemies of Marlborough won influence with the queen and had him removed from command on December 31, 1711. With the collapse of the alliance, peace negotiations began in 1712. Because of the conflicts of interest between the former allies, each dealt separately with France. The first group of treaties was signed at Utrecht in April 1713. These and the later treaties of Rastatt and Baden ignored the will of Charles II and divided his inheritance among the powers. Louis XIV’s grandson remained king of Spain, but the treaties of Utrecht marked the rise of the power of Britain and the British colonial empire at the expense of both France and Spain" (Encyclopedia Britannica online).

The frontiers and annotations marked in gilt on many of these maps join many of the so-called Barrier towns. The first "Barrier Treaty" of 1709, also known as the Treaty of Den Haag or the Treaty of The Hague between Great Britain and the States-General of the United Provinces, by which the United Provinces promised to guarantee the Protestant succession in England from within the 'serene' House of Hanover, and Great Britain promised to secure and take by force if necessary, the towns of Veurne, Nieuwpoort, Ypres, Menen, Lille, Tournai, Condé, Valenciennes, Maubeuge, Charleroi, Namur, Halle, Damme, Dendermonde and Ghent, so creating a barrier between the Dutch and the French.

The project of giving the States-General a "barrier" against France "by means of a line of fortresses along the frontier had been raised in the Grand Alliance negotiations of 1701, and again in 1703, but was defeated by the hostility of Austria. In 1709, however, a treaty was concluded between England and Holland, by which the former bound herself to obtain for the Dutch the right of supplying garrisons for the Flemish fortresses, including Ypres, Menin, Lille, Tournai, Conde, Valenciennes, Charleroi, Namur, Damm, and Dendermonde. The treaty was signed by Townshend on the part of England, as Marlborough refused to be a party to it. The arrangements were revised and considerably altered, much to the disadvantage of the Dutch, by a second agreement which was come to in 1713, in which the number of barrier fortresses was greatly curtailed. The treaty was, however, not definitively signed till Nov. 16, 1715. The chief provisions were that the Low Countries were guaranteed to the house of Austria, and were not to be alienated on any conditions whatsoever. The Dutch were to garrison Namur, Tournai, Menin, Furncs, Warncton, Ypres, and Knoque; and Dendermonde was to be garrisoned jointly by Dutch and Austrian troops. The Dutch were very dissatisfied at this curtailment in the number of town9 ceded to them, and still more so at the commercial stipulations by which England was put on the same footing with Holland, as regards the commerce of the Belgian towns. But the treaty was altogether a disturbing element in European politics, and an especial source of friction in the relations of England and Austria. It was one of the causes of the alienation of England and Austria previous to the beginning of the eleven Years' War. The Barrier Treaty was annulled by the Treaty of Fontainebleau, 1785" (Low and Pulling "The Dictionary of English History", 1910, page 135).

Eugene Henri Fricx was "one of the most important map publishers of the Southern Netherlands in the 18th-century. He lived in Brussels where he had his shop of the Rue de la Madeleine. His activities in this field started in 1706 with the production of military plans of battles and sieges of the War of Succession. In the same year, he also stared the publication of the map of the Southern Netherlands in 24 sheets; it was finished in 1712, apart from the sheet Luxembourg, which was engraved in 1727" (Koeman II, page 109). His map of the Southern Netherlands was copied by Pieter Mortier, as here, and later in 1745 by Covens and Mortier, and sold until about 1780 when it was replaced by Ferraris' map of the Austrian Netherlands "Carte Chorographique des Pays Bas autrichiens dediee a leurs Majestes imperiales er royales", 1777. 

Pieter Mortier was listed as a member of the bookseller's guild in Amsterdam from August 1685, and rented a house at number 9, on the Dam (ie Vijgendam), on which he put the sign "the city of Paris" to reflect the time he had spent living in Paris from 1681-1685, his subsequent close personal and trading relationship with many Parisian booksellers, but also his specialty, which was publishing French books, from which he made a small fortune. At his death he owned: "three houses; bonds, amounting to ca. 93,000 guilders; printing presses, copperplates, valued at ca. 13,000 guilders; books, together ca 34,000 guilders; the remaining stock and shopgood, valued at ca. 18,800 guilders"; in addition to properties held by his heirs.

Mortier's first atlas may have been his re-issue of the atlas by Frederic de Wit. According to Keoman Pieter Mortier "deserves our praise for his initiative in the renewal of atlas-cartography in Amsterdam in the 17th-century. It was he who realised that the maps used for the atlases of the Janssonius Heirs, of Nic. Visscher, of Danckerts, et al., were out-of-date. His knowledge of modern French cartography led him to the copying of the maps by Sanson, published in Paris by Jaillot since 1681". So close to the French originals were they, combined with the common marketing technique of using a Parisian imprint, that Mortier's maps were often stopped at customs, making it necessary for the publisher to swear: "the Atlas by Sanson and the geographical maps, sent to Switzerland have been engraved and printed at Amsterdam, although the name of Paris is on the title-page, which was only done to promote the sales" (Koeman II, page 4 forward).

Mortier died in 1711, and his wife continued the business until 1719, when she died. In 1721, their eldest son Cornelis created a partnership with Johannes Covens who was married to Cornelis' sister Agatha.

This very rare set of maps of the southern Netherlands and northern France consists of:

N.1. Carte Particuliere d'une Partie d'Angleterre, Se Vend A. Amsterdam. Corrigee d'un Grand nombre des Fautes, Sur la Copie de Bruxelles Chez Eugene Henry Fricx. Cette Carte Contient 18 fuilles. et Se trouve chez Mortier.  (21 x 24 4/8 inches; 16 2/8 x 22 inches to the neat line; full margins, showing the plate-mark). Magnificent map of the southeastern coast of England, from Dymchurch in the South to the Isle of Sheppey in the North, the title within a banner along the top edge above the neat line, with EXCEPTIONALLY FINE ORIGINAL HAND-COLOUR IN FULL, by Deur after Fricz, the individual counties shown in different bold watercolours of pink, green and yellow, the towns and parishes noted and the cities of Feversham, Canterbury, Sandwich, Dover, Hyth and Ashford, shown in red and HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD the Channel populated by warring English, Dutch and French galleons and other sail boats, decorated with a fine compass rose HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, surrounded by a border of yellow wash.

2. Carte Particuliere d'une Partie d'Angleterre. A. Amsterdam chez Mortier Sur La Copie de Bruxelles Par E.H. Fricz. (21 2/8 x 24 2/8 inches; 16 2/8 x 22 inches to the neat line; full margins showing the plate mark). Magnificent map of the southeastern coast of England, surrounding Romney in Kent, the Channel and the coast of France around Ambleteuse in northern France, with EXCEPTIONALLY FINE ORIGINAL HAND-COLOUR IN FULL, by Deur after Fricx, the individual counties shown in different bold watercolours of pink, green and yellow, the towns and parishes noted and the cities of Appledore, Romney, and Ambleteuse shown in red and HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, the Channel populated by warring English, Dutch and French galleons, sail boats and French fishing boats, decorated with a fine compass rose HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, surrounded by a border of yellow wash.

3. Le Canal et partie dela France. A. Amsterdam chez Mortier, Sur la Copie de Bruxelles Par E.H. Fricx. (21 2/8 x 24 4/8 inches; 16 2/8 x 22 inches to the neat line; full margins showing the plate mark). Magnificent map of the coast of northern France from Boulogne in north to the mouth of the Somme in the south, the title within a banner along the top edge above the neat line, with EXCEPTIONALLY FINE ORIGINAL HAND-COLOUR IN FULL, by Deur after Fricx, the individual counties shown in different bold watercolours of green and yellow, and the city of Boulogne shown in red and HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD,  the Channel populated by warring English and French galleons French trawlers and fishing boats, decorated with a SUPERB ALLEGORICAL WIND AND COMPASS ROSE HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD middle left, the scale appears within a border at the bottom edge, all surrounded by a border of yellow wash.

4. "La Mer du Nord" A. Amsterdam chez Mortier sur la Copie de Bruxelles par E.H. Fricx. (21 4/8 x 24 2/8 inches; 16 2/8 x 21 6/8 inches to the neat line; full margins showing the plate mark). Magnificent map of "La Mer du Nord" and the sandbanks of the coast of Flanders, the title within a banner along the top edge above the neat line, with EXCEPTIONALLY FINE ORIGINAL HAND-COLOUR IN FULL, by Deur after Fricx, Franc shown in bold green watercolour, the Channel populated by Dutch galleons, and sailboats, decorated with a SUPERB ALLEGORICAL WIND AND COMPASS ROSE HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD upper left, all surrounded by a border of yellow wash.

5. Carte Particuliere des Environs de Dunkerque, Bergues, Furnes, Gravelines, Calais, et Autres. se Vend Chez Mortier, A Amsterdam Sur la Copie de Bruxelles Chez E.H. Fricx. (21 2/8 x 24 2/8 inches; 16 2/8 x 21 4/8 inches to the neat line; full margins showing the plate mark). Magnificent map of the stretch of coastline between Calais and Dunkirk in northern France, with EXCEPTIONALLY FINE ORIGINAL HAND-COLOUR IN FULL, by Deur after Fricx, the individual counties shown in different bold watercolours of pink, green and yellow, the towns and parishes noted and the cities of Calais, Ardes, Gravelines, Borborch, Dunkirk, Winoxbergen Bergues, Cassel, and Furnes shown in red and HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, THE BATTLE LINE FROM Gravelines to Bunce DRAWN IN LIQUID GOLD and dated "Lienye 1711" in manuscript liquid gold,  showing the sandbanks along the coastline and the Channel populated by Dutch galleons and other sail boats, decorated with a fine compass rose HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, surrounded by a border of yellow wash. 

6. Carte Particuliere des Environs d'Arthois du Boulenois et d'une Partie de la Picardie. Se Vend A. Amsterdam chez Mortier, Sur la Copie de Bruxelles par E.H. Fricx. (21 2/8 x 24 4/8 inches; 16 2/8 x 21 6/8 inches to the neat line; full margins showing the plate mark). Magnificent map of the Nord-Pas-de Calais region of northern France at the border with modern Belgium, with EXCEPTIONALLY FINE ORIGINAL HAND-COLOUR IN FULL, by Deur after Fricx, the individual counties shown in different bold watercolours of pink, green and yellow, the towns and parishes noted and the cities of St. Omer, the Fortified town of Chauffee, Aire, Montreuil, Hedin and Betune shown in red and HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, THE BATTLE LINE from St. Omer to Beaufort DRAWN IN LIQUID GOLD and dated "Lienye 1711" and "Lienye 1710" in manuscript liquid gold,  decorated with a fine compass rose HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, surrounded by a border of yellow wash. 

7. Carte Particuliere des Environs de Bruges, Ostende, Damme, l'Ecluse et Autres. Se Vend Chez Mortier, A. A,sterdam Sur la Copie de Bruxelles Chez Eugene Henry Fricx nouvellement Corrigee. (21 2/8 x 24 4/8 inches; 16 2/8 x 21 6/8 inches to the neat line; full margins, showing the plate mark). Magnificent map of the coast and region surrounding Bruges in modern Belgium, with EXCEPTIONALLY FINE ORIGINAL HAND-COLOUR IN FULL, by Deur after Fricx, the individual counties shown in different bold watercolours of pink, green and yellow, the towns and parishes noted and the cities of Bruges, Damme, Ostende, Nieuport, Sluys L'Ecluse, Ysendyck, Aerdenburg and Vlissengen shown in red and HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, THE BATTLE LINE from Fort Isabelle near Sluys L'Ecluse to Bruges and then east along the Laline River to the edge of the map DRAWN IN LIQUID GOLD and dated "Linie 1704" in manuscript liquid gold,  showing the sandbanks off the coast, and the Channel populated with a French galleon, and fishing boats with their nets out, decorated with a fine compass rose HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, surrounded by a border of yellow wash. 

8. Carte Particuliere des Environs de Menin, Courtray, Ypre, Dixmude, et Dyense. se Vend Chez Mortier. A. Amsterdam, Sur la Copie de Bruxelles Chez E.H. Fricx. (21 2/8 x 24 4/8 inches; 16 2/8 x 21 6/8 inches to the neat line; full margins, showing the plate mark). Magnificent map centred on Ypres, with EXCEPTIONALLY FINE ORIGINAL HAND-COLOUR IN FULL, by Deur after Fricx, the individual counties shown in different bold watercolours of pink, green and yellow, the towns and parishes noted and the cities of Ypre, Menin, Cortryce, and Deynse  shown in red and HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, THE BATTLE LINE from the edges of the map to Stavele in the west to fort De Knocke, Ypre, along the Lis River to Wervick and Menin, then dividing into three lines: south to the edge of the map, and east to the Escaut River from menin and from Cortryck. DRAWN IN LIQUID GOLD and dated "Linie 1705" and "Straat wegh" in manuscript liquid gold, decorated with a fine compass rose HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, surrounded by a border of yellow wash. 

9. Carte Particuliere des Environs de Lille Tournay, Valenciennes, Bouchain, Douay, Arras, Bethune. Se Vend A. Amsterdam Chez Mortier, Sur la Copie de Bruxelles par E.H. Fricx. (21 2/8 x 24 4/8 inches; 16 2/8 x 21 6/8 inches to the neat line; full margins, showing the plate mark). Magnificent map centred on Douay, with EXCEPTIONALLY FINE ORIGINAL HAND-COLOUR IN FULL, by Deur after Fricx, the individual counties shown in different bold watercolours of pink, green and yellow, the towns and parishes noted and the cities of Lille, Tournay, La Bassee, Lens, Orchies, Douays, Arras, Bouchain and Valenciennes shown in red and HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, THE BATTLE LINE from Arras in the west to Bouchain and Valenciennes, DRAWN IN LIQUID GOLD and dated "Linye 1710" and a "Straat wegh" marked from Douay north to the Pont a Rache, and another from Lille to Tournay, in manuscript liquid gold, decorated with a fine compass rose HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, surrounded by a border of yellow wash. 

10. Carte Particuliere des Environs d'Anvers, Gand, Hulst, et de tout le Pays de Waes, et le Marquisat du St. Empire. (21 2/8 x 24 4/8 inches; 16 2/8 x 21 6/8 inches to the neat line; full margins, showing the plate mark). Magnificent map centred on Hulst, with EXCEPTIONALLY FINE ORIGINAL HAND-COLOUR IN FULL, by Deur after Fricx, the individual counties shown in different bold watercolours of pink, green and yellow, the towns and parishes noted and the cities of Fort Philippine, Sas de Gand, Axel, Hulst, Anvers (Antwerp) shown in red and HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, THE BATTLE LINE from the edge of the map to Chau in the southwest, to the Forts surrounding Hulst, to the banks of the Scheldt River opposite Antwerp, DRAWN IN LIQUID GOLD and dated "V=D=Hr Hulste 1703" and "Linie 1704", in manuscript liquid gold, showing the sandbanks at the mouth of the Scheldt and the small sail boats plying up and down it on both sides of the border between Holland and Flanders which is marked down the centre of the River, decorated with a fine compass rose HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, surrounded by a border of yellow wash.

11. Carte Particuliere des Environs de Bruxelles, avec le Bois de Soigne, et d'une Partie de la Flandre jusques a Gand. Se vend A Amsterdam, chez Mortier Sur la Copie de Bruxelles Par E.H. Fricx. (21 2/8 x 24 4/8 inches; 16 2/8 x 21 6/8 inches to the neat line; full margins, showing the plate mark). Magnificent map centred on Brussels and the region to the west, with EXCEPTIONALLY FINE ORIGINAL HAND-COLOUR IN FULL, by Deur after Fricx, the individual counties shown in different bold watercolours of pink, green and yellow, the towns and parishes noted and the cities of Oudenarde, Grandmont, Lessines, Enghien, Alost, Ninove, Mechelen, Vilvorden, Brussels and Halle, shown in red and HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, "Straat Wegh"s radiating from Brussels in four directions are DRAWN IN LIQUID GOLD, decorated with a fine compass rose HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, surrounded by a border of yellow wash.

12. Carte Particuliere des Environs de Mons, d'Ath, de Charleroy, de Maubeuge, du Quesnoy, de Conde, &c. Se vend A. Amsterdam, chez Mortier, Sur la Copie de Bruxelles, chez Eugene Henry Fricx, Nouvellement corrigee. (21 2/8 x 24 4/8 inches; 16 2/8 x 21 6/8 inches to the neat line; full margins, showing the plate mark). Magnificent map centred on Mons, with EXCEPTIONALLY FINE ORIGINAL HAND-COLOUR IN FULL, by Deur after Fricx, the individual counties shown in different bold watercolours of pink, green and yellow, the towns and parishes noted and the cities of Leuse, Ath, Nivelle, Conde, S. Guilais, Mons, Binch, Charle Roy, Le Quesnoy, Bavay, Maubeuge, Beaumont and Walcourt shown in red and HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, THE BATTLE LINE extending from the western edge of the map near Conde, through Maubeuge, to Charle Roy, and from Mons to Jeumont, are DRAWN IN LIQUID GOLD, and dated "Linie 1708", "Linie 1709", and "Linie 1710", a "Straat Wegh" runs from Mons to the northern edge of the map, decorated with a fine compass rose HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, surrounded by a border of yellow wash.

13. Carte Particuliere des Environs de Lier et d'Une Partie de la Campine. se Vend A. Amsterdam chez Mortier Sur la Copie Par E.H. Fricx. (21 2/8 x 24 4/8 inches; 16 2/8 x 21 6/8 inches to the neat line; full margins, showing the plate mark). Magnificent map centred on Lier and the region to the east, with EXCEPTIONALLY FINE ORIGINAL HAND-COLOUR IN FULL, by Deur after Fricx, the individual counties shown in different bold watercolours of pink, green and yellow, the towns and parishes noted and the cities of Lier and Herentals shown in red and HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, THE BATTLE LINE weaves around Lier from the western edge of the map to the southern, and is drawn over a printed line IN LIQUID GOLD and dated "Linie 1705", decorated with a fine compass rose HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, surrounded by a border of yellow wash.

14. Carte Particuliere des Environs de Louvain, Aerschot, Diest, Tirlemont, Leau, Malines, et de Partie du Pays de Liege. Se Vend A. Amsterdam, Corrigee d'un Grand nombre des Fautes Sur la Copie de Bruxelles chez E.H. Fricx. (21 2/8 x 24 4/8 inches; 16 2/8 x 21 6/8 inches to the neat line; full margins, showing the plate mark). Magnificent map centred on Tirlemont, with EXCEPTIONALLY FINE ORIGINAL HAND-COLOUR IN FULL, by Deur after Fricx, the individual counties shown in different bold watercolours of pink, green and yellow, the towns and parishes noted and the cities of Malines, Aerschot, Zichen, Diest, Halen, Herck, Hasselt, Louvain, Tirlemont, Leaw, Stron, and Iudoigne shown in red and HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, THE BATTLE LINE weaves along the Demer river from Aarschot to Diest and then along the Gete to the southern edge of the map, and is drawn over a printed line IN LIQUID GOLD and dated "Linie 1705", decorated with a fine compass rose HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, surrounded by a border of yellow wash.

15. Comte de NamurSe Vend A. Amsterdam chez Mortier Sur la Copie de Bruxelles chez E.H. Fricx. (21 2/8 x 24 4/8 inches; 16 2/8 x 21 6/8 inches to the neat line; full margins, showing the plate mark). Magnificent map centred on Namur, with EXCEPTIONALLY FINE ORIGINAL HAND-COLOUR IN FULL, by Deur after Fricx, the individual counties shown in different bold watercolours of pink, green and yellow, the towns and parishes noted and the cities of Gimblours, Huy, Chastelet Namur, Fosse and Chinay shown in red and HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, THE BATTLE LINE weaves along the Sambre river from the western edge of the map to Namur, and is drawn IN LIQUID GOLD and dated "Linie 1709", a "Straat Wegh" runs from Namur to the western edge of the map, decorated with a fine compass rose HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, surrounded by a border of yellow wash.

16. Carte Particuliere des Environs de Roermonde, Venlo, Le Marias de Peel. Se Vend A. Amsterdam Sur la Copie de Bruxelles chez E.H. Fricx. (21 2/8 x 24 4/8 inches; 16 2/8 x 21 6/8 inches to the neat line; full margins, showing the plate mark). Magnificent map centred on Weert, with EXCEPTIONALLY FINE ORIGINAL HAND-COLOUR IN FULL, by Deur after Fricx, the individual counties shown in different bold watercolours of pink, green and yellow, the towns and parishes noted and the cities of Eyndhoven, Venlo, Hamont, Weert, Roermonde, Peer, Brey, Maesyck, Wassenberg and Hinsberg shown in red and HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, decorated with a fine compass rose HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, surrounded by a border of yellow wash.

17. Carte Particuliere des Environs de Maestricht, Partie de Liege Faucquemont, et Pays d'Outre Meuse. Se Vend A. Amsterdam Sur la Copie de Brussel par E.H. Fricx. (21 2/8 x 24 4/8 inches; 16 2/8 x 21 6/8 inches to the neat line; full margins, showing the plate mark). Magnificent map centred on Tirlemont, with EXCEPTIONALLY FINE ORIGINAL HAND-COLOUR IN FULL, by Deur after Fricx, the individual counties shown in different bold watercolours of pink, green and yellow, the towns and parishes noted and the cities of Stochem, Sittart, Bilsen, Faucquemont, Tongres, Mestricht, Viset, Dalem shown in red and HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, decorated with a fine compass rose HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, surrounded by a border of yellow wash.

18. Carte Particuliere des Environs de Liege, Limbourg, et Partie de Luxembourg. Se Vend A. Amsterdam Sur la Copie de Bruxelles chez E.H. Fricx. (21 2/8 x 24 4/8 inches; 16 2/8 x 21 6/8 inches to the neat line; full margins, showing the plate mark). Magnificent map centred on the regions south of Liege, with EXCEPTIONALLY FINE ORIGINAL HAND-COLOUR IN FULL, by Deur after Fricx, the individual counties shown in different bold watercolours of pink, green and yellow, the towns and parishes noted and the cities of Liege, Limbourg, Pontu, Verviers, Spa, Durbuy, Stablo, Malmedy, Salme and S. Viet shown in red and HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, decorated with a fine compass rose HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, surrounded by a border of yellow wash.

19. Les Embouchures de la Somme et de Bresle Riv. ou est St. Valeri, Eu et Dieppe. A Amsterdam Chez Pierre Mortier. Sur la Copie de E. H. Fricx. Corigee et Augmentee. (21 2/8 x 24 4/8 inches; 16 2/8 x 21 6/8 inches to the neat line; full margins, showing the plate mark). Magnificent map of the coast of northern France near Dieppe, with EXCEPTIONALLY FINE ORIGINAL HAND-COLOUR IN FULL, by Deur after Fricx, the individual counties shown in different bold watercolours of green and yellow, the towns and parishes noted and the cities of Dieppe, Eu, Le Crotoi and Valeri shown in red and HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, the waters of the channel populated by a warring galleon and some smaller sailboats, decorated with a fine compass rose HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, surrounded by a border of yellow wash.

20. Les Environs d'Abbeville, Dourlens, Amiens, Corbie, et du Cours de la Somme. A Amsterdam Chez Pierre MotierSur la Copie de E. H. Fricx. Corigee et Augmentee. (21 2/8 x 24 4/8 inches; 16 2/8 x 21 6/8 inches to the neat line; full margins, showing the plate mark). Magnificent map of the region in northern France surrounding Abbeville, and Amiens, with EXCEPTIONALLY FINE ORIGINAL HAND-COLOUR IN FULL, by Deur after Fricx, the individual counties shown in different bold watercolours of pink, green and yellow, the towns and parishes noted and the cities of Abbeville, Amiens, Dourlens, and Corbie shown in red and HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, decorated with a fine compass rose HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, surrounded by a border of yellow wash.

21. Carte Particuliere des Environs de Cambray, Bappaumes, St. Quentin, PeroneSur la Copie de Brussel par E. H. Fricx.. (21 2/8 x 24 4/8 inches; 16 2/8 x 21 6/8 inches to the neat line; full margins, showing the plate mark). Magnificent map of the region in northern France surrounding Perone, with EXCEPTIONALLY FINE ORIGINAL HAND-COLOUR IN FULL, by Deur after Fricx, the individual counties shown in different bold watercolours of pink, green and yellow, the towns and parishes noted and the cities of Bappaumes, Cambray, Le Castelet, Perone, St. Quentin and Ribemont shown in red and HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, THE BATTLE LINE extends from the northern edge of the map to Miraumont and Bappaumes, and is drawn IN LIQUID GOLD and dated "Linie 1710", as is a "Straat Wegh" extends across the southeastern corner of the map through St. Quentin, decorated with a fine compass rose HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, surrounded by a border of yellow wash.

See Koeman Fricx 1, Koeman Mor 11 (listing 24 maps), which was reprinted as Koeman C & M 17 (also 24 maps), Shirley T. Fric- 1a and 1b, T. Cov- 3a, 3b and 3c, T.Mort - 6a. For more information about this map, or a warm welcome to see it and other books in our library at 72nd Street, NYC, please contact Caleb Kiffer, in the Rare Book Department