DUMONT, Jean, Baron de Carlscroon (1666-1726), and ROUSSET, Jean de Missy (1682-1762). Histoire Militaire du Prince Eugene de Savoye, du Prince et Duc de Marlborough, et du Prince de Nassau-Frise. The Hague: Isaac van der Kloot, 1729.

$ 22,000.00

DUMONT, Jean, Baron de Carlscroon (1666-1726), and ROUSSET, Jean de Missy (1682-1762). Histoire Militaire du Prince Eugene de Savoye, du Prince et Duc de Marlborough, et du Prince de Nassau-Frise. The Hague: Isaac van der Kloot, 1729.

2 volumes. Folio (21 x 13 4/8 inches). Vignette title-page to each volume printed in red and black. Double-page engraved allegorical portrait of Eugene, Prince of Savoy, one large folding engraved panorama on 3 sheets of the bombardment of Geldern, 9 double-page folding maps on 2 sheets, 75 double-page maps, plans and views of battle scenes, including 12 by Jan Huchtenburgh and one full-page, for a total of 88 plates of a possible approximate 94, 10 engraved vignettes of battle plans, 10 engraved historiated initials (one or two very few short marginal tears). Contemporary mottled calf, the spines in 10 compartments with 9 raised bands, red-morocco lettering-piece in one, the others decorated with small gilt tools (worn).

A comprehensive account of the campaigns of the three most famous military commanders of the War of Spanish Succession: Prince Eugene of Savoy (1663-1736), John Churchill, the first duke of Marlborough (1650–1722), and John William Friso, Prince of Orange-Nassau (1687-1711)  illustrated with MAGNIFICENT battle scenes by Jan Huchtenburgh, maps and plans.

The War of Spanish Succession (1701–1714) was fought between the major European powers, including a divided Spain, over who had the right to succeed Charles II as King of Spain. That conflict spread to include America as Queen Anne's War (1702–1713), and was the second in a series of French and Indian Wars fought between France and England, later Great Britain, in North America for control of the continent, settled by the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713.

Charles II, the last of the Spanish Habsburgs died childless. "In an effort to regulate the impending succession, to which there were three principal claimants, England, the Dutch Republic, and France, had in October 1698 signed the First Treaty of Partition, agreeing that on the death of Charles II, Prince Joseph Ferdinand, son of the elector of Bavaria, should inherit Spain, the Spanish Netherlands, and the Spanish colonies... In February 1699, however, Joseph Ferdinand died. A second treaty, signed on June 11, 1699, by England and France and in March 1700 by the Dutch Republic, awarded Spain and the Spanish Netherlands and colonies to Archduke Charles, second son of the Holy Roman emperor Leopold I, and Naples, Sicily, and other Spanish territories in Italy to France. Leopold, however, refused to sign the treaty, demanding that Charles receive all the Spanish territories intact... In November Louis XIV proclaimed his grandson king of Spain, as Philip V (the first Bourbon king of Spain), and then invaded the Spanish Netherlands. An anti-French alliance was formed (September 7, 1701) by England, the Dutch Republic, and the emperor Leopold. They were later joined by Prussia, Hanover, other German states, and Portugal. The electors of Bavaria and Cologne and the dukes of Mantua and Savoy allied themselves with France, although Savoy switched sides in 1703. William III of England, a strong opponent of Louis XIV, died in 1702, but the government of his successor, Queen Anne, upheld the vigorous conduct of the war. John Churchill, duke of Marlborough, played the leading role in Queen Anne’s government and on the battlefield until his fall in 1711. He was ably seconded on the battlefield by the imperial general Prince Eugene of Savoy.

"The markedly superior generalship of Marlborough and Eugene brought them a series of victories over France from 1704 to 1709. A Franco-Bavarian offensive in Germany was smashed at Blenheim in 1704. The French were then driven out of the Low Countries by the battles of Ramillies in 1706 and Oudenaarde in 1708. The French were also expelled from Italy after their attempted siege of Turin was broken (September 7, 1706) by Eugene’s brilliant campaign. The only theatre of the land war in which the alliance had no real success was Spain, where Philip V successfully maintained his position.

"Louis XIV sought to end the war from 1708 and was willing to give up the Spanish inheritance to the House of Habsburg. The British, however, insisted on the unrealistic demand that Louis use his army to remove his own grandson from Spain. Louis refused, broke off negotiations, and resumed the war. Two developments in 1711 altered the situation in favour of France. On April 17, 1711, Archduke Charles became heir to all the Austrian Habsburg possessions. Britain and the Dutch had no intention of continuing the war in order to give him the Spanish inheritance as well and thereby resurrect the old empire of Charles V. In Britain the enemies of Marlborough won influence with the queen and had him removed from command on December 31, 1711. With the collapse of the alliance, peace negotiations began in 1712. Because of the conflicts of interest between the former allies, each dealt separately with France. The first group of treaties was signed at Utrecht in April 1713. These and the later treaties of Rastatt and Baden ignored the will of Charles II and divided his inheritance among the powers. Louis XIV’s grandson remained king of Spain, but the treaties of Utrecht marked the rise of the power of Britain and the British colonial empire at the expense of both France and Spain" (Encyclopedia Britannica online).

Prince Eugene of Savoy was the youngest son of the infamous Olympia Mancini, former paramour of Louis XIV, who was expelled from court as a result of her intrigues, the most famous of which is known as the Affaire des Poissons. Eugene grew up in the court of Louis XIV and applied for military service, but was spurned "partly because of his physical ugliness and partly because of his mother's involvement in the "Affair of the Poisons." Conceiving from that moment a hatred for the Sun King, Eugene joined the Emperor Leopold I's service in 1683 and had his military baptism fighting at the relief of Vienna under Duke Charles of Lorraine" (Frey The Treaties of the War of Spanish Succession, page 155). Thereafter Savoy fought ferociously against the French at every opportunity.

Dumont was a prolific French publisher, although he began his career in the army, then spent many years travelling in Europe. Intending to publish an account of his travels he settled in the Netherlands, and was eventually appointed official historian to the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI, who conferred on him the title of baron de Carlscroon. 

Jan Huchtenburgh (1647-1733), a Dutch painter and engraver who had served Prince Eugene de Savoy. A supplementary third volume was published by Jean Naulme nearly two decades later. Copies vary in the number of plates, with no consensus in the bibliographies.Brunet II, 881 ('livre bien execute'); Cohen de Ricci 337; Graesse II, 445. Catalogued by Kate Hunter