DE WIT, Frederick (c. 1630-1706). S. R. I. in Germania Descriptio prae caeteris aliis Longé Accuratior, Comprehendens, Novem Circulorum Regni Bohemiae, Belgii, Helvetiae q. Unveverse... Amsterdam: F. De Wit, [c. 1710].

$ 900.00

Single sheet, (21 ¼ x 24 ½ inches; 19 7/8 x 23 ¾ inches to the neat line; full margins showing the plate mark). Fine engraved map of the Holy Roman Empire (including Germany, the Kingdom of Bohemia, Belgium, and Switzerland), with ORIGINAL HAND COLOR IN FULL, the individual territories shown in different bold watercolors of yellow, green, and pink, the decorative title cartouche showing figures in Roman military garb as well as the coat-of-arms of the Holy Roman Empire, HEIGHTENED WITH LIQUID GOLD, an explanatory panel held aloft by an eagle and an angelic herald, and a fine compass rose decorated with LIQUID GOLD (old central fold, slightly toned).

Extremely fine map of the Holy Roman Empire. SKILLFULLY AND ATTRACTIVELY HAND-COLORED, and embellished with LIQUID GOLD. With a gorgeous asymmetrical decorative cartouche and informative panel decorated with an angel and an eagle.

The Holy Roman Empire was formed in the year 800 A.D. when Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne as Emperor, reviving the title in Western Europe after more than 300 years. Though the term "Holy Roman Empire" was not used as such until the 13th century, the idea of the empire goes back earlier to the concept that the emperor had supreme power inherited from the emperors of Rome. This map was made after the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, which ended the Thirty Years' War. This treaty gave the individual territories of the Empire almost complete sovereignty, and both the Swiss Confederation and the Northern Netherlands left the Empire. The Habsburg Emperors then were left to focus on consolidating their own territories in Austria and elsewhere. In the 18th century the Holy Roman Empire (by this point, in effect what would become present-day Germany) entered a period of decline that would finally lead to the dissolution of the Empire during the Napoleonic Wars.