DE L'ISLE, Guillaume (1675-1726). Carte du Mexique et de la Floride des Terres Angloises et des Isles Antilles du Cours et des Environs de la Riviere de Mississipi. Dressee Sur un Grand nombre de memoires principalem.t sur de ceux de M.rs d'Iberville et le Suere Par Guillaume Del'Isle Geographe de l'Academie Royale des Scieces. Paris: Rue de Canettes, 1703.
Single sheet (19 6/8 x 26 2/8 inches, full margins, showing the plate mark). Fine engraved map showing the area from the Great Lakes to Colombia, and from the Gulf of California to Trinidad, the title within an elaborate allegorical cartouche lower right, with original hand-color in outline, lines of latitude and longitude (central vertical crease, discreet repairs to separation in the lower margin).
First edition, the coveted "Rue de Canettes" state from De L'Isle's preferred publisher. The first printed map to accurately depict the course and mouth of the Mississippi River.
Drawn from the reports brought back to France from the survivors of the La Salle expedition into the interior of North America after being stranded in Texas, and from the information derived from the explorations of Bienville and d'Iberville. During this time period he assiduously compiled the geographical data from the reports of the French Jesuit Missionaries and Explorers in North America, along with Spanish manuscript maps (often copied by the Missionaries while they were acting in the service of the Spanish as spiritual guides and gaining their confidence).
"A towering landmark along the path of Western cartographic development." -Wheat
"Profoundly influential." -Cumming
De l'Isle's map also includes greater accuracy in the Great Lakes region and in its depiction of English settlements along the East Coast. Excellent detail of the Indian villages in East Texas, based upon the reports of d'Iberville and the Spanish missionaries. The best depiction of the Southwest to date, with early trails & Indian tribes. Cumming described the map as
A student of the noted French cartographer, Giovanni Domenico Cassini, and the son of Claude De l'Isle, the geographer and historian to the king, Guillaume De l'Isle developed a strong basis for his cartographical skills. He produced his first terrestrial globe in 1699, and displayed a profound talent for capturing a high level of accuracy and geographical knowledge. In 1718, Louis XIV celebrated his much revered skill and accuracy by appointing him First Geographer to the French Monarchy, a title created specifically for him. In his many years in this position, De l'Isle became known for his correction of geographical errors common to his contemporaries, including dispelling the rumor of mythical lands in still-unexplored regions. Arader Galleries is determined to be the most competitive price for work of equal quality. For all inquiries please contact Greg McMurray, MLS, Director, Rare Books.