Plate X, Eygentliche Furbildung etlicher Personen zu Banda
From Part V of Johann Theodor de Bry (1561-1623) and Johann Isreal de Bry's (1565-1609) Orientalische Indien (“Little Voyages”), Funffter Theil der Orientalischen Indien...Frankfurt: 1601
Engraving with original, early 17th century hand color heightened with gold on laid paper; paper dimensions: approximately: 11 1/2 x 7 1/2 inches
Printed by Matthias Becker
van Groesen 63
A FEW NATIVES OF BANDA, SOUTHERN MALUKU ISLANDS
Jacob van Heemskerck put in at Banda in 1599, while his colleague Van Warwijck sailed to Ambon and Ternate.
This print shows five figures, including a person named Goeytjen. It is doubtful whether this trader, from whom the Dutch bought some wares, lived for much longer after this drawing of him was made. After all, this print is one of the few depictions of Bandanese natives before the massacre of these people which took place in 1621. The governor general at the time, Jan Pietersz Coen, decided to punish the Bandanese because of their trade with other buyers. He headed to the islands with an enormous fleet to have the village leaders murdered and to drive out or sell into slavery the rest of the population. After this massacre, few native Bandanese continued to live on the island.
Title: Actual illustration of several people from Banda.
Text: In Banda they had good customs like this Turk who was a small person and of this figure marked with A from this Turk who was called Goeiitiien they bought many wares and he was also very nice almost friendly toward us. This one with the letter B. marked is an armored aristocrat with a servant behind him which they dress up so nicely that he was quite a pleasure to watch. This woman marked with C is a woman from Banda like they walk on the streets also with a bondmaid behind her who carries her hat at all times to protect her from the sun.
ENGRAVED PLATES FROM VOLUME V OF DE BRY’S ‘LITTLE VOYAGES’ OF THE EAST INDIES
Documenting the East Indian Journey led by Admiral Jacob Cornelius van Neck (1598), featuring Depictions of: Mauritius, Tuban, Banda, Ternate, Molluccas, Banda, and Gammalamme
The very first Dutch voyage to the East Indies took place in 1595 and was led by the brothers Frederik and Cornelis de Houtman. The second expedition followed in 1598, led by Admiral Jacob Cornelius van Neck. Eight ships left Amsterdam on this journey.
One of these ships was captained by Jacob van Heemskerck, who earlier had participated in the arctic expedition led by Willem Barents in 1595- 1597, an ill-fated journey that ended with the famous overwintering in Novaya Zemlya. In addition to Heemskerck there was a third lead- ing figure on this trip, Vice Admiral Wijbrand van Warwijck.
The eight ships departed in the direction of southern Africa. After the Cape of Good Hope, half the fleet put in at Madagascar, the other half went to Mauritius. The admiral met up with the other captains in Bantam (on the northern point of Java).
After loading the ships with a great quantity of spices there, Van Neck sent vice admirals Van Heemskerck and Van Warwijck on to the Maluku Islands (formerly known as the Moluccas, or Spice Islands). He himself started the return journey. After 14 months, on 19 July 1599, Van Neck returned to the Netherlands with a rich cargo: 600,000 pounds of pepper, 250,000 pounds of cloves, 20,000 pounds of nutmeg and 200 pounds of mace.
When Van Neck distributed the profits among the expedition's shareholders, Van Warwijck and Van Heemskerck were already far along in their journey. They first put in at the Javan city of Tuban, where they bought food and visited the palace of the local king. They continued on to Ambon, where they arrived in 1599. A few trading posts were opened on the Maluku island of Ambon for the purchase of cloves. Commerce also took place on Banda, part of the southern Maluku Islands and at the time the only island in the world where nutmeg grew.
De Bry's prints are illustrations to the original travel accounts of Van Neck and Warwijck and were probably drawn in the Netherlands after the expedition's return, on the basis of sketches that made by the crew.*
*Research provided by Martine Gosselink, head of the History department at the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, Netherlands.
**Translated from original German by Karl Nesseler.
Description compiled by Erik Brockett who is pleased to provide additional information relating to this or other examples of the work of Johann Theodor de Bry available at Arader Galleries. He can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org