[CAREY AND LEA]. A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas, Being a Guide to the History of North and South America, and the West Indies...to the year 1822. Philadelphia: H. C. Carey and I. Lea, 1823.
Folio, (17 7/8 x 12 5/8 inches). Publisher’s Advertisement (a few marginal stains). 46 double-page engraved maps with original hand-color in full; 5 tables and charts, 4 with original hand-color (occasional offsetting, one or two pale stains). Original publisher’s drab paper boards with later quarter black calf, gilt-ruled (a few pale stains).
Provenance: Contemporary manuscript ownership inscription of Thomas Gilpin (dated 1824) to front pastedown and his name and location (Philadelphia) stamped on front board.
Second edition, first published the previous year. This edition differs from the first in its three updated/revised maps: Louisiana, North Carolina, and Maine. The map of Arkansas Territory here is the celebrated “Map of Arkansa and other Territories of the United States” by Major Stephen Harriman Long, the result of his June-August 1820 expedition to explore the sources of the Platte River and the earlier 1819 expedition. Wheat extensively discusses and praises the Long map, including the one that appeared in the 1822 and 1823 editions of Carey & Lea’s atlas Wheat 348. “Carey and Lea’s Atlas of 1822 carried a ‘North America’ on which, along with Pike’s vagaries, is displayed Long’s discovery of the true course of the Canadian, while Missouri Territory is carried west of the Rockies. The most interesting map in this Atlas, however, is headed ‘Geographical, Statistical and Historical Map of Arkansas Territory,’ which is in reality Long’s map, covering the Missouri Basin north to Mandan villages and west to the Rockies. ‘Highest Peak,’ James Peak and Spanish Peaks appear, as on [Stephen H.] Long's manuscript map, and his expedition’s routes are set forth. Just south of the Republican Fork appears the significant legend, ‘The Great Desert is frequented by roving bands of Indians who have no fixed places of residence but road from place to place in quest of game.’ In fact, in large part this map is Long’s map, and is so stated in its title” (Wheat II, p.81). Phillips Atlases 1373a. Sabin 15055. Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West 348, 352.
“Thomas Gilpin (1776-1853), the son of the elder Thomas Gilpin, was born in Philadelphia on September 10, 1776. He and his brother Joshua (1765-1841) established Delaware’s first paper mill near Wilmington in 1787. Although Thomas maintained his residence in Philadelphia, he summered near the mill. Joshua resided in Delaware at Kentmere. In 1817, Thomas invented and patented the first continuous papermaking machine in the U.S., based on information secured by his brother in England. While the brothers were successful in their business endeavors, they suffered from a shortage of capital and losses in other investments. As a result, they sold the mill in 1837” (Winterthur Library online).