[CAREY AND LEA]. A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas, Being a Guide to the History of North and South America, and the West Indies... Philadelphia: H. C. Carey and I. Lea, 1823.

$ 14,000.00

Folio, (17 7/8 x 12 5/8 inches). Publisher’s Advertisement (several small repairs; some browning and staining). 52 double-page engraved maps, with original hand-color in full; 3 hand-colored tables, 2 charts (slightly toned). Modern quarter tan calf, marbled boards.

Second edition, first published in 1822. With 5 additional copies of the “Geographical, Statistical, and Historical Map of America” tipped in at the front, from varying editions: Carey & Lea 1827 (3rd edition); Carey & Lea 1822 (1st edition); Lavoisne 1821 (3rd edition); Lavoisne 1820 (2nd edition); and Lavoisne 1820 (1st edition).

This edition differs from the first in its three updated/revised maps: Louisiana, North Carolina, and Maine. The map of Arkansas Territory here is the celebrated “Map of Arkansa and other Territories of the United States” by Major Stephen Harriman Long, the result of his June-August 1820 expedition to explore the sources of the Platte River and the earlier 1819 expedition. Wheat extensively discusses and praises the Long map, including the one that appeared in the 1822 and 1823 editions of Carey & Lea’s atlas Wheat 348. “Carey and Lea’s Atlas of 1822 carried a ‘North America’ on which, along with Pike’s vagaries, is displayed Long's discovery of the true course of the Canadian, while Missouri Territory is carried west of the Rockies. The most interesting map in this Atlas, however, is headed ‘Geographical, Statistical and Historical Map of Arkansas Territory,’ which is in reality Long’s map, covering the Missouri Basin north to Mandan villages and west to the Rockies. ‘Highest Peak,’ James Peak and Spanish Peaks appear, as on [Stephen H.] Long’s manuscript map, and his expedition’s routes are set forth. Just south of the Republican Fork appears the significant legend, ‘The Great Desert is frequented by roving bands of Indians who have no fixed places of residence but road from place to place in quest of game.’ In fact, in large part this map is Long’s map, and is so stated in its title” (Wheat II, p.81). Phillips Atlases 1373a. Sabin 15055. Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West 348, 352.

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