BARRELIER, Jacques (1603-1673) - JUSSIEU, Antoine de (1686-1758). Plantae per Galliam, Hispaniam et Italiam observatae. Paris: Stephane Ganeau, 1714.

$ 3,800.00

Folio (13 2/8 x 8 6/8 inches). Letterpress general title-page. Fine engraved sectional title-page to the plates, 334 engraved plates with 1324 numbered illustrations of plants on 331 plates, and 3 plates of shells at the end (some leaves lightly browned or stained, a few leaves with small marginal tears). 18th-century speckled half calf, patterened paper boards, the spine in seven compartments with six raised bands, a red morocco lettering- piece in one (a few wormholes, lightly rubbed, head of spine torn with minor loss).

Provenance: with the bookplate of the Cleveland Garden Center: the Eleanor Squire collection; the bookplate of the Warren H. Corning Collection of Horticultural Classics; and the bookplate of the Warren H. Corning Holden Arboretum Library, all on the front paste-down.

First edition, second state of the plates. Each botanical plate has four figures showing remarkable fidelity to life. There are 4 bis figures (+406, *406, +673 and +674); numbers 826, 827 and 828 are printed on one; 2 numbers in the numbering sequence (1076 and 1256) are omitted. Barrelier, a French Dominican doctor who travelled widely through France, Spain and Italy collecting plants and shells on his way, wrote a history of plants entitled either 'Hortus mundi' or 'Orbis botanicus' while in Rome. Tragically the manuscript was lost in a fire, but after his death, the copper-plates which survived were acquired by Jussieu, successor to Tournefort as professor of botany at the Jardin des Plantes, who arranged for their publication and compiled the accompanying text. Antoine de Jussieu, uncle of the renowned Antoine-Laurent Jussieu (1748-1836), was a physician and botanist, who studied medicine at Montpellier, but as early as 1708 he was appointed, "upon the recommendation of Fagon, to succeed the celebrated Tournefort as professor and demonstrator at the Jardin du Roi. By 1711 he was a member of the Academy of Sciences. After making botanical journeys over a large part of France, he explored in 1716 the flora of the Pyrenean peninsula. In addition to his activity as botanist he had a large medical practice, giving much attention to the poor. From 1718 he also made use in his practice of quassia bark (Cortex Simarubæ), the first of which had been sent in 1713 to the Jesuit Father Soleil at Paris from Cayenne. Antoine de Jussieu wrote an account of the bark in the "Mémoires" of the Academy for 1729, and Linnæus named after him the plant Simaruba Jussiæi. The "Mémoires" of the academy also contain papers by Jussieu on human anatomy, zoology, palæontology, and mineralogy. Haller ["Bibliotheca botanica", II (1772)] enumerates twenty botanical papers, of which the "Descriptio et icon Coffeæ (coffee)" of 1713 has historical value. In 1719 he published a new and revised edition, with an appendix, of Tournefort's "Institutiones rei herbariæ" (Joseph Rompel for the Catholic Encyclopedia). Hunt 432; Cleveland Collections 331, HA Copy 2 this copy; Nissen BBI 80; Pritzel 423.