[?ATTERBURY, Francis (1663-1732)]. English Advice to English Freeholders. No place, no date, but probably 1705.

$ 100.00

Small 4to., (7 4/8 x 5 4/8 inches). (Browned, disbound).

Provenance: with the early inscription "by Bishop Atterbury" on the first page.

The members for Queen Anne's second parliament were elected to the English House of Commons between 7 May 1705 and 6 June 1705. Parliament was summoned on the 2nd of May 1705, assembled on the 14th of June 1705, and dissolved on the 15th of April 1708. After the Acts of Union came into effect on the 1st of May 1707, this parliament became the first parliament of Great Britain.

The anonymous author, who an early owner of this pamphlet claims is the infamous Bishop Atterbury, urges his fellow voters to consider "Those things which this Nation has been most jealous of, as not only against their Interest, but dangerous also to their Constitution, are a Single Ministry, a Standing Army, a Pensionary Parliament, and the Growth of the Perogative".  Bishop Francis Atterbury (1663-1732), was "a brilliant polemical writer and orator who was a leader of the Tory High Church Party during the reign of Queen Anne (1702–14); later, he was a prominent Jacobite supporting Stuart claims to the English throne. Educated at Oxford University, Atterbury took holy orders in 1687 and soon earned renown as a preacher in London. He led the campaign for the renewal of convocations (assemblies of Anglican churchmen), which were resumed in 1701. In 1704 Atterbury was made dean of Carlisle, and in 1710 he helped defend the High Church preacher Henry Sacheverell, who was impeached by Parliament for undermining the principles of the English Revolution of 1688–89. Queen Anne appointed Atterbury bishop of Rochester in 1713, and he associated closely with Viscount Bolingbroke, but his Jacobite sympathies cost him the favour of Anne’s Hanoverian successor, King George I (ruled 1714–27). By 1717 he was in correspondence with the exiled Stuart claimant, James Edward, the Old Pretender. Five years later Atterbury was arrested for alleged complicity in a Jacobite plot against George. Exiled, he spent most of the rest of his life in James’s service" (Encyclopedia Britannica online).

The election held in May and June 1705 "saw contests in 110 (41 per cent) of the 269 English and Welsh constituencies. Following their failure in the ‘tack’ division in November 1704, the Tories campaigned on the basis that the Church of England stood ‘in danger’ from the Dissenters. Godolphin and Marlborough gave full backing to Whig interests in the constituencies while Whig propaganda stressed the importance of the war and the Protestant succession as the lead issues. Party animosities ran fiercely in this election and degenerated into mob violence in large boroughs and small. At Coventry, for example, pitched battles erupted in the streets between rival mobs. The new House consisted of 260 Tories and 233 Whigs, with a further 20 unclassified, though with Robert Harley’s ‘moderates’ among the Tory contingent, the two parties were neck-and-neck. Of the total of 577 MPs who sat during this Parliament, 151 (26 per cent) had no previous parliamentary experience" (The History of Parliament Trust, online). NOT IN ESTC. Catalogued by Kate Hunter