A Chippendale Carved Cherrywood Armchair. Philadelphia, 1760-1780.
Thomas Chippendale is one of the most influential and celebrated cabinetmakers of all time. His designs not only established the remarkable reputation of English Georgian furniture, but also that of its American colonial counterpart. Born in 1718 in the small town of Otley, Yorkshire, Chippendale was from birth destined to become a furniture maker. He was born into a family of joiners and carpenters, but recognition of his talents did not come until his relocation to London in 1748. There, he established himself in a workshop in St. Martin's Lane, the most fashionable address for any London cabinetmaker.
Chippendale's influence traveled abroad by way of his much celebrated The Gentleman and Cabinet-Maker's Director, first published in 1754. The publication was sold in Germany, Spain, Portugal, the Low Countries, France and ultimately in America. While English Chippendale furniture displayed a great variety of rococo, Chinese, and Gothic designs in combination with Georgian classical forms, American Chippendale remained more faithful to the architecturally solid Georgian.
Likely once a chamber chair, this fine piece features shell-carved cabriole legs--one of Hogarth's favorite styles. Slip seat replaced. Some glue blocks replaced. Glue block at back side top of splat missing. Cracks and repairs to crest at juncture with stiles. Arms re-pinned from back side of stiles. Crack and repair to shoe. Some chips and losses to inner edges of volutes on arm. Left rear leg slightly warped, making chair uneven. Some chips and abrasions to edges of knee returns.