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PÉRON, Francois (1754-1803) - FREYCINET, Louis (1779-1842). Voyage de Découvertes aux Terres Australes,... Partie Historique Redigee par M.F. Peron. Atlas par Mm. Lesueur et Petit. Paris: Imprimerie Royale, 1816.

PÉRON, Francois (1754-1803) - FREYCINET, Louis (1779-1842). Voyage de Découvertes aux Terres Australes,... Partie Historique Redigee par M.F. Peron. Atlas par Mm. Lesueur et Petit. Paris: Imprimerie Royale, 1816.

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PÉRON, Francois (1754-1803) - FREYCINET, Louis (1779-1842). Voyage de Découvertes aux Terres Australes, exécuté par ordre de Sa Majesté l'Empereur et Roi. Partie Historique Redigee par M.F. Peron. Atlas par Mm. Lesueur et Petit. Paris: Imprimerie Royale, 1816.

Folio (13 x 10 inches). Engraved vignette-title. 39 engraved plates including 23 printed and finished in colour by Choubard, Cloquet, Dien, Fortier, Houlk, Née, Pillement, and Roger after Lesueur and Petit (lacking the large folding map, spotted throughout). Black morocco backed, marbled paper boards (scuffed at the extremities).

Atlas volume ONLY to accompany the account of Nicolas Thomas Baudin's (1754-1803) expedition to complete the French cartographic survey of Australia, including superb colour engraved plates of the native peoples and wildlife.  

Map: "Plan de la Ville de Sydney Capitale des Colonies Anglaises aux Terres Australes,... 1802"

Coastal profiles: "Terre de Diemen et Nouvelle-Hollande", printed in colour and finished by hand

Coastal profiles: "Terre de Diemen", printed in colour and finished by hand

Coastal profiles: "Nouvelle-Hollande: Terre Napoleon", printed in colour and finished by hand

Coastal profiles: "Nouvelle-Hollande", printed in colour and finished by hand, Western Australia

Coastal profiles: "Nouvelle-Holland", printed in colour and finished by hand

Portrait: "Terre de Diemen. Bara-Ourou", uncoloured

Portrait: "Terre de Diemen. Ouriaga", printed in colour and finished by hand

Portrait: "Terre de Diemen. Grou-Agara", uncoloured

Portrait: "Terre de Diemen. Paraberi", printed in colour and finished by hand

Portrait: "Terre de Diemen. Arra-Maida", uncoloured

Artifacts: "Terre de Diemen. Armes et Ornemens", with original hand-colour

View: "Terre de Diemen. Navigation. Vue de la Cote Orientale de l'Ile Schouten", printed in colour and finished by hand

View: "Terre de diemen. Habitations", uncoloured

View: "Terre de diemen: Ile Maria. Tombeaux des Naturels", uncoloured

Portrait: "Nouvelle-Hollande. Gnoung-A-Gnoung-A, Mour-Re-Mour-Ga. (dit Collins)", uncoloured

Portrait: "Nouvelle-Hollande. Cour-Rou-Bari-Gal", with original hand-colour

Portrait: "Nouvelle-Hollande. Y-Erran-Gou-La-Ga", with original hand-colour

Portrait: "Nouvelle-Hollande... Norou-Gal-Derri", uncoloured

Portrait: "Nouvelle-Hollande. oui-Re-Kine", uncoloured

Artifacts: "Nouvelle-Hollande. Vases, Armes, Peche", with original hand-colour

View: "Nouvelle-Hollande:... Navigation", uncoloured

View: "Nouvelle-Hollande: Terre D'Endracht. Cabanes des Naturels de la Presque'ile Peron", uncoloured

Portrait: "Timor. Naba-Leba Roi de L'Ile Solor", printed in colour and finished by hand

Portrait: "Timor. Canda...", printed in colour and finished by hand

Zoology: "Nouvelle-Hollande: Ile Bernier. Kanguroo a Bandes...", printed in colour and finished by hand

Zoology: "Nouvelle-Hollande: Ile King. Le Wombat..", printed in colour and finished by hand

Zoology: "Nouvelle-Hollande: Mollusques et Zoophytes...", printed in colour and finished by hand

Zoology: "Nouvelle-Hollande: Mollusques et Zoophytes...", printed in colour and finished by hand

Zoology: "Nouvelle-Hollande: Mollusques et Zoophytes...", printed in colour and finished by hand

Zoology: "Nouvelle-Hollande: Ile King. L'Elephant-Marin ou Phoque a Trompe...", uncoloured

Zoology: "Nouvelle-Hollande: ... Dasyure a Longue Queue...", printed in colour and finished by hand

Zoology: "Nouvelle-Hollande:...", Platypus, printed in colour and finished by hand

Zoology: "Timor...", Bats, printed in colour and finished by hand

Zoology: "Nouvelle-Hollande: Iles Decres...", Emus, printed in colour and finished by hand

View: "Nouvelle-Hollande:... Sydney... Port Jackson...", uncoloured

Double-page view: "Nouvelle-Hollande:... Sydney Capitale des Colonies Anglaises aux Terres Australes, et de l'Embouchure de la riviere de Parramatta (1803)", uncoloured

Double-page view: "Timor. Vue de la Rade, de la Ville du Fort de Coupang", uncoloured

Artifacts: "Physique...", thermometre, uncoloured

Setting sail in October of 1800 Baudin was accompanied by a number of scientists, including the naturalist François Péron, and the cartographer-surveyor Louis Freycinet, who sailed in 'Le Naturaliste'. "Their particular instructions were to make a full and minute examination of the Australian coasts, and especially to explore the southern coast, 'where there is supposed to be a strait communicating with the Gulf of Carpentaria, and which consequently would divide new Holland into two large and almost equal islands.' However, the exploration was a very lethargic affair under Baudin's command, seemingly spending most of the time 'picking up shells and collecting butterflies'" (Hill).  

The expedition arrived off the coast of Western Australia sighting Cape Leeuwin on 27 May and anchored in Geographe Bay three days later. There they made descriptions of animal and plant life before Baudin in Le Géographe sailed north and, after a cursory examination of the coast as far as Cape Levêque, reached Timor on 21 August hoping to refresh his crew.  Le Naturaliste joined them there in September after having explored the coast as far as Shark Bay. Between November and January of 1802 Baudin explored the southern coast of Australia, reaching Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania) early in 1802, then sailed for Sydney. There the expedition spent six months giving an important account of early European life in the town. Baudin sent Le Naturaliste to Europe with the results of their voyage so far, then bought from Governor Philip Gidley King the 20-ton schooner Casuarina and put Freycinet in command. After a rendezvous in King George Sound. The Geographe and the Casuarina then proceeded along the west coast of Australia to Timor, and then Baudin sailed on to Mauritius, where he died on 16 September 1803. Freycinet left the Casuarina at Mauritius and reached Lorient on 25 March 1804.  

Peron too died before publication of the account of their voyage was complete, but not before he had "complained bitterly of Baudin's conduct on the voyage, and in his account does not even so much as mention his commander's name (Hill). So the work was finished by Freycinet, who "entirely ignored the discoveries of British explorers, and depicted the whole of the south coast, from what is now Melbourne to the border of Western Australia, as the 'Terre Naploeon'" (Hill).

While Matthew Flinders had completed his survey of the Australian coast before Baudin, his imprisonment in Mauritius meant that the Frenchmen were the first in print.  "Baudin's expedition was undoubtedly scientific, not political, in purpose. In addition to gathering much information on the known parts of the Australian coast, the scientists had gathered and partly classified a basic collection of specimens, and their descriptions destroyed William Dampier's myth that Australia's western coast was all barren. Their reports on south-west Australia were sufficiently favourable to bring later French explorers such as Dumont d'Urville in their wake, and to lead the restored Bourbons to consider Western Australia as a site for a French convict colony" (Australian Dictionary of Biography online). Ferguson 603; Wantrup 79a; Hill 1329; "Mapping our World: Terra Incognita to Australia", National Library of Australia, page 205-211.

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